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IELTS BNC: 383 COCA: 551


industry /ˈɪndəstri/ noun
plural industries
plural industries
Learner's definition of INDUSTRY
[noncount] : the process of making products by using machinery and factories工业;工业制造
[count] : a group of businesses that provide a particular product or service行业;产业
see also captain of industry, cottage industry
[noncount] : the habit of working hard and steadily勤奋;勤劳
IELTS BNC: 383 COCA: 551



in·​dus·​try ˈin-(ˌ)də-strē How to pronounce industry (audio)
plural industries
: manufacturing activity as a whole
the nation's industry
: a distinct group of productive or profit-making enterprises
the banking industry
: a department or branch of a craft, art, business, or manufacture
especially : one that employs a large personnel and capital especially in manufacturing
: systematic labor especially for some useful purpose or the creation of something of value
: diligence in an employment or pursuit
especially : steady or habitual effort
: work devoted to the study of a particular subject or author
the Shakespeare industry
Choose the Right Synonym for industry

business, commerce, trade, industry, traffic mean activity concerned with the supplying and distribution of commodities.

business may be an inclusive term but specifically designates the activities of those engaged in the purchase or sale of commodities or in related financial transactions.

commerce and trade imply the exchange and transportation of commodities.

industry applies to the producing of commodities, especially by manufacturing or processing, usually on a large scale.

traffic applies to the operation and functioning of public carriers of goods and persons.

Example Sentences

He favors policies that promote industry. She invested in several large industries. She became so popular that a whole industry grew up around her and her image.
Recent Examples on the Web The decision by the Treasury Department to impose sanctions on code used by Tornado Cash has alarmed the crypto industry and the broader software development community who fear the move will stifle privacy and free expression. Jeff John Roberts, Fortune, 8 Sep. 2022 The frequency of partial theft reports — a category that includes the theft of catalytic converters — spiked by nearly 850% in California from 2019 to 2021, according to the Highway Loss Data Institute, a nonprofit funded by the insurance industry. Laura J. Nelson, Los Angeles Times, 7 Sep. 2022 Doing so requires a new supply chain for new raw materials and personnel with different skills and experience than the traditional auto industry, Automotive News reports. Emily Dreibelbis, PCMAG, 6 Sep. 2022 The California law is widely seen as a step toward sectoral bargaining, which involves industry-wide negotiations, rather than talks between individual unions and employers. Bryan Pietsch, Washington Post, 6 Sep. 2022 His passing away is a big loss to the world of commerce and industry. Swati Gupta And Michelle Toh, CNN, 5 Sep. 2022 Now, the model is available in a 40 mm titanium case, reflecting an industry-wide downsizing trend. Victoria Gomelsky, Robb Report, 5 Sep. 2022 His passing away is a big loss to the world of commerce and industry. Niharika Sharma, Quartz, 4 Sep. 2022 And many of the engineering professors work in fields where government and industry are making huge investments in university research, especially efforts to produce smaller, cheaper, more powerful batteries for electric vehicles. Gary Robbins, San Diego Union-Tribune, 4 Sep. 2022 See More

Word History


Middle English (Scots) industrie, from Middle French, from Latin industria, from industrius diligent, from Old Latin indostruus, perhaps from indu in + -struus (akin to Latin struere to build) — more at end-, strew

First Known Use

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

Time Traveler
The first known use of industry was in the 15th century
IELTS BNC: 383 COCA: 551


ADJECTIVE | VERB + INDUSTRY | INDUSTRY + VERB | INDUSTRY + NOUN | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADJECTIVEbooming, growing, thriving繁榮的行業;發展的行業one of the fastest-growing industries in the world世界上發展最快的產業之一important, key, major重要工業;關鍵產業;主要產業declining衰落的產業high-tech, modern, sunrise (BrE) 高科技/現代/朝陽產業sunset, traditional夕陽/傳統產業cottage家庭手工業Weaving and knitting are traditional cottage industries.織布和編織都是傳統的家庭手工業。domestic, local國內/地方工業global全球產業the global textile industry全球紡織業private, privatized私營產業nationalized, state-owned, state-run國有化/國有/國營產業heavy重工業light輕工業strategic戰略性產業strategic industries such as the extraction of oil and natural gas石油和天然氣開採等戰略性產業manufacturing, service製造業;服務業the shift away from manufacturing to service industry從製造業向服務業的轉移primary, secondary, tertiary第一/第二/第三產業labour-intensive/labor-intensive勞動密集型產業building, construction建築業engineering (especially BrE) 機器製造業shipbuilding造船業chemical, coal, electrical, electricity, energy, gas, mining, nuclear, oil, steel化學/煤炭/電氣/電力/能源/燃氣/採礦/核能/石油/鋼鐵工業agricultural, fishing, food, timber農業;漁業;食品業;木材工業pharmaceutical製藥業health-care, medical (especially NAmE) 衞生保健業;醫療業biotech生物技術產業auto, automobile, automotive, car, motor汽車工業computer, electronics計算機工業;電子產業telecom, telecommunications, telecoms (especially BrE) 電信業fashion, textile時裝業;紡織業advertising廣告業insurance保險業entertainment, film, movie, music, record, recording娛樂業;電影業;音樂產業;唱片業tourism, tourist旅遊業catering, hospitality, leisure (all especially BrE) 餐飲業;酒店餐飲業;休閒娛樂業hotel酒店業banking, financial銀行業;金融業aerospace, airline, aviation航空航天業;航空業publishing出版業tobacco煙草工業VERB + INDUSTRYbenefit, develop, encourage, help, stimulate, support 有益於/發展/鼓勵/幫助/刺激/支持產業The government decided to encourage industries based on biotechnology.政府決定鼓勵發展以生物技術為基礎的產業。government measures to stimulate new industry政府刺激新興產業的措施run down (BrE) 逐漸收縮產業Running down the nuclear industry will result in heavy job losses.收縮核工業將會導致大量失業。damage, hurt損害產業They claim that a commercial port would damage the local tourist industry.他們聲稱建立商業港口會損害當地的旅遊業。cripple, destroy, devastate嚴重削弱/破壞/毀滅工業nationalize將工業國有化privatize將工業私有化deregulate, regulate解除對產業的管控;管控產業protect保護工業trade barriers erected to protect domestic industry為保護國內工業而設置的貿易壁壘subsidize補貼工業The state's timber industry is heavily subsidized.該州的木材工業得到大量補貼。interfere in, interfere with干預工業The government has interfered in industry, with disastrous results, by attempting to alter economic trends.政府試圖通過改變經濟發展趨勢而干預工業,結果造成了災難性的後果。be involved in, be involved with投身於工業More than 140 000 people are directly involved in the industry.直接從事這一行業的人超過了 14 萬。revolutionize, transform變革/改革產業enter, go into進入產業students training to enter the banking industry接受培訓準備進入銀行業的學生She decided to leave teaching and go into industry.她決定放棄教書,投身實業。INDUSTRY + VERBboom, develop, expand, grow, grow up, spring up工業繁榮/發展/擴張/成長/壯大/湧現New light industries are constantly springing up.新型輕工業不斷湧現。The tourist industry is still expanding rapidly.旅遊業仍然在快速擴張。decline, struggle產業衰落/舉步維艱experience sth, face sth產業經歷⋯/面臨⋯industries which are experiencing substantial growth正在經歷強勁增長的產業The industry is facing major challenges.該行業面臨重大挑戰。produce sth工業生產⋯INDUSTRY + NOUNexecutive, leader行業主管/領袖expert, insider行業專家;行內人士analyst, observer工業分析家/觀察家standard行業標準They hope that the disk drive will become an industry standard.他們希望這種磁盤驅動器能成為一個行業標準。PREPOSITIONin industry, within industry在行業中;在行業內In the computer industry, change comes about very rapidly.計算機這一行更新換代非常迅速。PHRASESa captain of industry, commerce and industry產業巨頭;工商業The banks lend money to commerce and industry.銀行貸款給工商業。regulation of (an) industry(某一)行業的管理proposals for regulation of the water industry供水業管理建議the revival of (an) industry(某一)行業的復興the revival of the British film industry英國電影業的復興a sector of industry工業領域industry and trade, trade and industry工業與貿易the Department of Trade and Industry (in the UK) 工貿部
IELTS BNC: 383 COCA: 551
Mr. Ng 不推薦使用 Google翻譯
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0_0: Translations of industry
  • # n.
    產業: estate, industry, property
    工商界: the world of business, industry
    工業: industry
    行業: business, industry, profession, trade
    業: business, line of business, cause, employment, enterprise, industry
    業界: industry

0_0: Definitions of industry
  • # noun.
    - economic activity concerned with the processing of raw materials and manufacture of goods in factories.
    * the competitiveness of American industry
    - hard work.
    * the kitchen became a hive of industry

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