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1 ban /ˈbæn/ verb
bans; banned; banning
1 ban
bans; banned; banning
Learner's definition of BAN
[+ object]
: to forbid people from using (something) : to say that something cannot be used or done禁止;取缔
: to forbid (someone) from doing or being part of something禁止(某人)做某事;禁止加入usually + from
2 ban /ˈbæn/ noun
plural bans
2 ban
plural bans
Learner's definition of BAN
: an official rule saying that people are not allowed to use or do something禁令
often + on


1 of 3


banned; banning; bans

transitive verb

: to prohibit especially by legal means
ban discrimination
Is smoking banned in all public buildings?
also : to prohibit the use, performance, or distribution of
ban a book
ban a pesticide
: bar entry 2 sense 3c
banned from the U.N.
archaic : curse
It is a hard fate … to be banned … by the world, only because one has sought to be wiser than the world is. Edward Bulwer Lytton

intransitive verb

archaic : to utter curses or condemnations
The serious world will scold and ban Joseph Rodman Drake


2 of 3

noun (1)

plural bans
: legal or formal prohibition
a ban on beef exports
: censure or condemnation especially through social pressure
was under ban for her political views
religion : anathema, excommunication
under the pope's ban
: malediction, curse
uttered a ban upon his enemies
: the summoning in feudal times of the king's vassals for military service


3 of 3

noun (2)

plural bani ˈbä-(ˌ)nē How to pronounce ban (audio)
: a monetary subunit of the leu see leu at Money Table

Example Sentences

Verb The school banned that book for many years. The city has banned smoking in all public buildings. The drug was banned a decade ago. The use of cell phones is banned in the restaurant.

Word History



Middle English bannen "to summon (troops) by proclamation, assemble (an armed force), gather (arms), curse, anathematize, prohibit, outlaw," going back to Old English bannan (class VII strong verb) "to summon by proclamation, call to arms," going back to Germanic *bannan- "to speak formally, call on, order" (whence also Old Frisian bonna, banna "to call upon, command, place under a ban," Old Saxon & Old High German bannan "to summon, order," Old Norse banna "to prohibit, curse"), going back to Indo-European *bho-n-h2-e-, presumed o-grade intensive derivative (with gemination from a present formation with *-nu̯-e-?) from a verbal base *bheh2- "speak, say," whence also Latin for, fārī "to speak, say," Greek phēmí, phánai, Armenian bay "(s/he) says, speaks," and with extensions Eastern Church Slavic baju, bajati "to tell (stories), cast a spell, cure," Bosnian-Croatian-Serbian bȁjati "to tell tales, practice sorcery," Sanskrit bhánati "(s/he) speaks, says, (it) sounds"

Note: The senses "curse, anathematize, prohibit," etc., in Middle English are not attested in Old English and are generally thought to reflect influence of the cognate Old Norse verb. The English verb has also been influenced in sense by Medieval Latin bannīre and Old French banir (see banish). — The reconstruction of the source of Germanic *bannan- in Indo-European terms is from G. Kroonen, Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Brill, 2013), though any number of alternative reconstructions are possible that result in the new verbal base *bann-. Indo-European *bheh2- "speak, say" is phonetically identical with and probably a semantic offshoot of the base *bheh2- "shine, give light, appear" (see fantasy entry 1); the presumed sense in shift would be "shine, give light" > "make bright, illuminate" > "make clear, clarify" > "speak, say."

Noun (1)

Middle English ban, bane, banne "proclamation by an authority, summons, one of the marriage banns, troop of warriors summoned by their overlord," in part noun derivative of bannen "to summon (troops) by proclamation," in part borrowed from Anglo-French ban, baan "proclamation, edict, jurisdiction, one of the marriage banns" (also continental Old French, "summons to arms by a lord, proclamation commanding or prohibiting an action"), going back to Old Low Franconian *banna-, going back to Germanic (whence also Old Frisian bon, ban, bān "order commanding or prohibiting under pain of a fine, authority, summoning of the army, banishment," Old Saxon bann "command, summons, fine, excommunication," Old High German ban "command by an authority, order, legal extension or withdrawal of protection"), noun derivative of *bannan- "to speak formally, call on, order" — more at ban entry 1

Note: The Middle English noun may also continue Old English gebann, gebenn "edict, proclamation, command," a derivative of gebannan, similar in meaning to unprefixed bannan. The negative senses "prohibition, condemnation," etc., though present to a limited degree already in early Medieval Latin, do not appear in English (or French) until the sixteenth century, and are in part derived from the verb ban entry 1. The Germanic etymon appears in Latin as bannus (or bannum), from the sixth century in Gregory of Tours' Historia Francorum, and the seventh century in the Lex Ripuaria, the laws of the Ripuarian Franks; the Latin word went on to develop a broad range of meanings (compare the entries in J.F. Niermeyer, Mediae Latinitatis lexicon minus and Dictionary of Medieval Latin from British Sources).

Noun (2)

Romanian, money, coin, small coin

First Known Use


12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 3

Noun (1)

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 5

Noun (2)

1880, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of ban was in the 12th century


ADJECTIVE | VERB + BAN | BAN + VERB | PREPOSITION ADJECTIVEblanket, complete, outright, total全面禁止partial部份禁止temporary暫時禁止overtime禁止加班advertising禁止做廣告a blanket advertising ban on tobacco對煙草廣告的全面禁止driving禁駕令smoking禁煙令test禁止試驗a nuclear test ban treaty禁止核試驗條約constitutional (NAmE) 憲法規定的禁令federal (NAmE) 聯邦禁令VERB + BANenact, impose, introduce, place, put頒佈/推行/發佈/發出/實施禁令They have imposed a ban on the import of seal skins.他們已經禁止進口海豹皮。enforce實施禁令lift, overturn, remove撤銷禁令;解除禁令uphold維持禁令tighten加強禁令ease放寬禁令The ban on exports has now been eased.出口禁令現在已經鬆動。call for, demand, support呼籲/要求/支持禁止oppose, reject反對禁令;拒絕服從禁令comply with遵守禁令defy (especially BrE) 無視禁令The students took to the streets, defying a ban on political gatherings.學生們無視不許政治集會的禁令走上街頭。BAN + VERBcome into force, start禁令開始實施apply to sth, cover sth禁令適用於/針對⋯The ban only covers tropical hardwood.禁令只針對熱帶硬木。affect sth禁令影響到⋯The ban will affect all public and work premises.該禁令將會影響到所有公共和工作場所。PREPOSITIONban on對⋯的禁止a ban on smoking in public places公共場所禁煙令


ADVERB | VERB + BAN | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADVERBeffectively有效禁止formally, officially正式禁止completely完全禁止VERB + BANattempt to, seek to, try to試圖禁止vote to投票禁止Congress has voted to ban online gambling.國會已投票決定禁止網上賭博。PREPOSITIONfrom禁止⋯The weightlifter was banned from the Olympics for failing a drugs test.這名舉重運動員因為藥檢不合格而被禁止參加奧運會比賽。He has been banned from driving for a year. (BrE) 他被禁駕車一年。PHRASESan attempt to ban sth, a move to ban sth (especially BrE) 一項禁止⋯的嘗試/措施a move to ban tobacco advertising禁止煙草廣告的措施a decision to ban sth禁止⋯的決定
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0_0: Translations of ban
  • # v.
    罷黜: ban, dismiss, reject
    查禁: ban, prohibit
    禁: contain, restrain oneself, arrest, ban, belate, forbid
    禁止: ban, debar, embar, forbid, inhibit, interdict
    取締: ban, outlaw, suppress
    湮: ban, block, finish, jam, fall into oblivion, obstruct
  • # n.
    諱: ban, forbidden word, taboo
    禁忌: ban, don't, inhibition, interdiction, prohibition
    禁令: ban, inhibition, interdict, interdiction, prohibition, proscription

0_0: Definitions of ban
  • # verb.
    - officially or legally prohibit.
    * he was banned from driving for a year
  • # noun.
    - an official or legal prohibition.
    * a proposed ban on cigarette advertising
    - a curse.
    * the land might be smitten by the ban which once fell upon the Canaanites
    - a monetary unit of Romania, equal to one hundredth of a leu.

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