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(Mr. Ng 不推薦使用 Google 翻譯!)


system /ˈsɪstəm/ noun
plural systems
plural systems
Learner's definition of SYSTEM
[count] : a group of related parts that move or work together系统
see also ecosystem, pa system, public address system, solar system, sound system
: a body of a person or animal thought of as an entire group of parts that work together身体系统usually singular通常用单数
: a group of organs that work together to perform an important function of the body器官系统
see also central nervous system, immune system, nervous system
[count] : a way of managing, controlling, organizing, or doing something that follows a set of rules or a plan制度;体系;体制
often + of
see also honor system, metric system, operating system
the system disapproving : a powerful government or social organization that controls people's lives(操纵人们生活的)既成秩序,现行体制,制度

all systems (are) go

see 2go

a shock to the/your system

see 1shock

get it out of your system

: to do something that you have been wanting to do so that you no longer feel a strong desire to do it(通过做某事)消除对做此事的欲望
: to get rid of a strong emotion (such as anger) by doing something(通过做某事)排解(愤怒等)强烈的情感

the buddy system

see 1buddy



sys·​tem ˈsi-stəm How to pronounce system (audio)
: a regularly interacting or interdependent group of items forming a unified whole
a number system
: such as
: a group of interacting bodies under the influence of related forces
a gravitational system
: an assemblage of substances that is in or tends to equilibrium
a thermodynamic system
: a group of body organs that together perform one or more vital functions
the digestive system
: the body considered as a functional unit
: a group of related natural objects or forces
a river system
: a group of devices or artificial objects or an organization forming a network especially for distributing something or serving a common purpose
a telephone system
a heating system
a highway system
a computer system
: a major division of rocks usually larger than a series and including all formed during a period or era
: a form of social, economic, or political organization or practice
the capitalist system
: an organized set of doctrines, ideas, or principles usually intended to explain the arrangement or working of a systematic whole
the Newtonian system of mechanics
: an organized or established procedure
the touch system of typing
: a manner of classifying, symbolizing, or schematizing
a taxonomic system
the decimal system
: harmonious arrangement or pattern : order
bring system out of confusion Ellen Glasgow
: an organized society or social situation regarded as stultifying or oppressive : establishment sense 2
usually used with the
systemless adjective


Choose the Right Synonym for system

method, mode, manner, way, fashion, system mean the means taken or procedure followed in achieving an end.

method implies an orderly logical arrangement usually in steps.

effective teaching methods

mode implies an order or course followed by custom, tradition, or personal preference.

the preferred mode of transportation

manner is close to mode but may imply a procedure or method that is individual or distinctive.

an odd manner of conducting

way is very general and may be used for any of the preceding words.

has her own way of doing things

fashion may suggest a peculiar or characteristic way of doing something.

rushing about in his typical fashion

system suggests a fully developed or carefully formulated method often emphasizing rational orderliness.

a filing system

Example Sentences

The players like the coach's system. Under the new system, students will have to pass an exam to graduate. She devised a new filing system. We need a better system for handling incoming e-mail.
Recent Examples on the Web The system is expected to unleash historic rainfall of up to 30 inches, widespread flooding and dangerous mudslides, forecasters said. USA TODAY, 19 Sep. 2022 The artillery rocket system is built only at Lockheed's installation in south Arkansas, according to Aaron Huckaby, site director of Lockheed's Camden operations. Lisa Hammersly, Arkansas Online, 18 Sep. 2022 Iceland's budding economic system was based on Norway's. Francine Russo, Scientific American, 18 Sep. 2022 Meanwhile, a low-pressure system was expected to drop from the Gulf of Alaska and park off the coast of Northern California, producing gusty ridgetop winds before rains set in late Saturday, the National Weather Service said. Becky Bohrer, Mark Thiessen And John Antczak, Anchorage Daily News, 17 Sep. 2022 This comes as a low-pressure system was expected to drop from the Gulf of Alaska and sit off the northern California coastline, producing winds and rains on Saturday. Julia Musto, Fox News, 17 Sep. 2022 Meanwhile, a low-pressure system was expected to drop from the Gulf of Alaska and park off the coast of Northern California, producing gusty ridgetop winds before rains set in late Saturday, the National Weather Service said. Becky Bohrer, ajc, 16 Sep. 2022 An upper level low system moving south from the Gulf of Alaska is expected to stay mostly offshore this weekend, drying up what was supposed to be a damp Saturday. oregonlive, 16 Sep. 2022 The storm system expected over the weekend is expected to be less intense but could bring isolated thunderstorms, Rowe said. Los Angeles Times, 16 Sep. 2022 See More

Word History


Late Latin systemat-, systema, from Greek systēmat-, systēma, from synistanai to combine, from syn- + histanai to cause to stand — more at stand

First Known Use

circa 1638, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of system was circa 1638


1set of ideas/rules for organizing sth思想或制度體系ADJECTIVE | VERB + SYSTEM | SYSTEM + VERB | PREPOSITION ADJECTIVEcurrent, existing現行的/現有的制度We're looking to replace the existing system.我們希望能取代現有制度。modern, new現代制度;新的制度old-fashioned, outdated過時的制度traditional傳統制度standard標準體制complex, complicated, elaborate, intricate, sophisticated複雜的制度;錯綜複雜的體制The new system is overly complex.這個新制度過於複雜。simple簡單的制度comprehensive完備的制度coherent前後一致的制度integrated綜合系統an integrated transport system (BrE) 綜合交通系統an integrated transportation system (NAmE) 綜合交通系統effective, efficient有效的/高效的制度viable, workable可行的/切合實際的制度inefficient, wasteful低效的/造成浪費的制度flexible靈活的制度rigid僵化的制度stable穩定的體制foolproof簡單易懂的系統imperfect, perfect不完善的/完善的制度unique獨特的制度centralized, decentralized權力集中的/權力下放的制度closed, open封閉的/開放的體系a closed system with a rigidly defined set of choices一個嚴格限定選擇的封閉體系bureaucratic官僚制度hierarchical等級制度authoritarian, oppressive, repressive獨裁/高壓/專制制度equitable, fair公正的/公平的體制corrupt, unjust腐敗的/不公正的制度bankrupt完全缺乏⋯的制度The governor referred to a prison system that was bankrupt of compassion.州長指的是一個完全喪失同情心的監獄體制。public, state公共/國家體制schools within the state system (BrE) 國立學校schools within the public system (NAmE) 公立學校local-government, parliamentary, political地方政府/議會/政治體制electoral, voting選舉/投票制度banking, economic, financial, monetary銀行/經濟/金融/貨幣制度tax, taxation稅收制度;稅務體制educational, examination, school, university教育/考試/學校/大學體制court, criminal justice, judicial, justice, legal, penal, prison法院系統;刑事司法系統;司法系統;法律制度;刑罰制度;監獄體制benefit, benefits, health-insurance, pension, social-insurance, social-security, welfare福利制度;醫療保險制度;養老金制度;社保制度care, health, health-care保健制度;醫療體系rail, railway, subway, transport, transportation (especially NAmE) 鐵路系統;地鐵系統;運輸系統communication通信系統cable有線系統detection, monitoring, warning探測/監控/警報系統security, surveillance安全/監督系統backup, support後備/支持系統accounting, administrative會計/行政系統delivery配送系統control控制系統disciplinary懲戒系統agricultural農業系統commercial, market商業/市場體制cultural, social文化/社會體制scoring計分方法The game has a complex scoring system.該遊戲有複雜的計分方法。grammatical, language語法/語言系統classification, filing分類/歸檔系統storage貯存系統belief, value信仰/價值體系capitalist, caste, communist資本主義/種姓/共產主義制度multiparty, two-party多黨制;兩黨制two-tier雙重制度VERB + SYSTEMbuild, create, design, develop, devise, establish, set up建立制度;創建制度;設計制度;形成制度have擁有制度adopt, apply, deploy, implement, introduce採用/應用/利用/實施/引進體制We are implementing a new system of stock control.我們實施的是一種新的庫存管理制度。advocate擁護體制join加入體制be part of是體系的一部份They are all part of the corrupt system we need to change.它們全是我們需要改革的腐敗體制的組成部份。manage, operate, run管理/操作/運行系統maintain維護系統manipulate, play, use操控/利用/使用系統He played the legal system to his own advantage.他利用法律制度謀求個人利益。organize組織體系How is the system organized?這個體系是如何組織的?adapt, change, transform調整/改變/轉變體制tinker with對體制修修補補test檢測系統improve, modernize, overhaul, refine, reform, reorganize, simplify, streamline, strengthen改善制度;使制度現代化;改革制度;整頓制度;簡化制度;強化制度the need to modernize the judicial system司法制度現代化的需要perfect完善制度perpetuate使制度長期存在The so-called reforms merely perpetuate an unjust system.這個所謂的改革只是讓不公平的制度長期存在。clog, clog up阻礙體制運行a backlog of cases clogging up the system阻礙體制運行的積壓案件destabilize, disrupt, undermine, weaken動搖/破壞/削弱/弱化系統attempts to disrupt the rail system破壞鐵路系統的企圖dismantle逐步廢除制度abandon, do away with, scrap廢棄制度destroy, overthrow破壞/推翻制度replace取代體制restore恢復體制criticize, fight, rebel against批評/對抗/反抗制度She spent her years at school fighting the system.她在學校期間一直對抗這個制度。defend, support捍衞/支持制度understand理解體制beat, buck打敗/抗擊制度You can never beat the system!你永遠無法戰勝這個制度!bypass避開體制an attempt to bypass the bureaucratic system試圖繞過官僚體系blame指責制度It's not your fault-blame the system.不是你的過錯,怪就怪這個制度吧。SYSTEM + VERBexist制度存在be based on sth, rest on sth制度以⋯為基礎/建立在⋯之上Every political system rests on certain fundamentals.每一種政治制度都是根據某些基本原則建立起來的。be aimed at sth, be geared to sth制度以⋯為目標;調整體制以適應⋯allow sth, enable sth制度允許⋯/使⋯成為可能This system allows you to study at your own speed.在這種體制下,你可以按自己的速度學習。offer sth, provide sth制度提供⋯be in operation, be operational, function, operate, work制度處於運行中;制度發揮作用;制度有效This case proves that the system works effectively.此案例證明這個制度運轉有效。break down, collapse, fail體制瓦解/崩潰/失敗PREPOSITIONin a/the system在體制中at another point in the education system在教育制度的另一點上under a/the system在制度下Under the new system, all children will be monitored by a social worker.在新制度下,所有兒童都將由一名社會工作者監護。system for⋯的體系They devised an appropriate system for presenting the required information.為呈現所需信息他們設計了一套合適的系統。


2group of things/parts that work together系統;組合ADJECTIVE | VERB + SYSTEM | SYSTEM + VERB | PREPOSITION ADJECTIVEsophisticated複雜的系統automated, automatic, computer, computer-based, computerized, electronic, manual, mechanical自動系統;計算機系統;基於計算機的系統;電子系統;手動系統;機械系統audio, sound, stereo音頻/音響/立體聲系統air-conditioning, alarm, electrical, exhaust, heating, life-support, plumbing, public address (abbreviated to PA) , sprinkler, ventilation空調/警報/電氣/排氣/供熱/生命維持/管道/擴音/灑水/通風系統
electronic mail, email, mail, phone, telephone, voicemail電子郵件系統;郵政系統;電話系統;語音信箱系統satellite人造衞星系統global positioning, guidance, navigation全球定位系統;導航系統propulsion推進系統missile, weapons導彈/武器系統drainage, irrigation排水/灌溉系統river, road水系;道路系統VERB + SYSTEMbuild, create, develop建立/創建/開發系統improve, streamline改進/精簡系統install安裝系統For this month only, installing the system is free.免費安裝系統僅限於本月。SYSTEM + VERBfunction, operate, work系統發揮功用/運行/起作用break down, fail系統發生故障/失靈The air-conditioning system failed.空調系統出故障了。PREPOSITIONin a/the system, with a/the system在系統中a fault in the sound system聲效系統中的差錯


3the body, or parts of it that work together身體;身體系統ADJECTIVE | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADJECTIVEauditory, biological, cardiovascular, circulatory, digestive, immune, nervous, reproductive, respiratory, sensory, visual聽覺/生理/心血管/循環/消化/免疫/神經/生殖/呼吸/感官/視覺系統the central nervous system中樞神經系統PREPOSITIONin a/the system在系統中a valve in the circulatory system循環系統中的瓣膜PHRASESa shock to the system對身體的衝擊;對系統的衝擊Returning to work after a long break can be a terrible shock to the system.長時間休息後重新開始工作可能會使身體非常不適。


4workings of a computer計算機系統ADJECTIVE | VERB + SYSTEM | SYSTEM + VERB | SYSTEM + NOUN | PREPOSITION ADJECTIVEadvanced, powerful先進的/大功率的系統interactive交互式系統online在線系統digital, optical, wireless數字/光學/無線網絡系統compatible, incompatible兼容/不兼容系統computer, PC計算機/個人電腦系統operating, operational操作系統database, file, information, management數據/文件/信息/管理系統processing, recognition, retrieval, storage處理/識別/檢索/存貯系統an information retrieval system信息檢索系統server, software服務器/軟件系統parallel平行系統VERB + SYSTEMinstall安裝系統boot, boot up, reboot啟動系統;重新啟動系統Just reboot the system and try again.重新啟動系統再試試。build, design, develop建立/設計/開發系統We're designing a voice-recognition system.我們正在設計一套語音識別系統。launch推出系統upgrade升級系統SYSTEM + VERBrun系統運行The system runs on this workstation.該系統在本工作站運行。crash, fail, go down系統癱瘓/失靈/出故障The entire computer system went down.整個計算機系統出了故障。SYSTEM + NOUNsoftware系統軟件design系統設計performance系統性能administrator系統管理員failure系統失靈backup系統備份reboot系統重啟PREPOSITIONin a/the system在系統中faults in the data-processing system數據處理系統中的錯誤
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