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IELTS BNC: 1074 COCA: 1522


1 damage /ˈdæmɪʤ/ noun
plural damages
1 damage
plural damages
Learner's definition of DAMAGE
[noncount] : physical harm that is done to something or to someone's body(有形的)损害,损失,破坏
see also collateral damage
[noncount] : emotional harm that is done to someone(情感上的)伤害
[noncount] : problems that are caused by a mistake, wrong action, etc. : bad or harmful effects on a situation, a person's reputation, etc.坏影响;有害影响
damages [plural] law : an amount of money that a court requires you to pay to someone you have treated unfairly or hurt in some way损害赔偿金
sometimes used in the form damage before another noun有时以damage的形式用于另一名词前
the damage informal : the amount of money that something costs费用;代价

damage control

or British damage limitation
: things that are done or said to prevent a bad situation from becoming worse or to limit the bad effect of something损害控制;减损措施
2 damage /ˈdæmɪʤ/ verb
damages; damaged; damaging
2 damage
damages; damaged; damaging
Learner's definition of DAMAGE
[+ object]
: to cause damage to (something)损害;伤害;破坏: such as
: to physically harm (something)(有形地)损害
Synonyms see: injure
: to cause problems in or for (something) : to have a bad effect on (a situation, a person's reputation, etc.)对…造成坏影响
see also damaged goods
IELTS BNC: 1074 COCA: 1522


1 of 2


dam·​age ˈda-mij How to pronounce damage (audio)
: loss or harm resulting from injury to person, property, or reputation
flood damage
sustained severe damage to her knee
damages plural : compensation in money imposed by law for loss or injury
The judge awarded them $5,000 in damages.
: expense, cost
"What's the damage?" he asked the waiter


2 of 2


damaged; damaging

transitive verb

: to cause damage (see damage entry 1 sense 1) to
don't damage the furniture
returning soldiers damaged by war
damageability noun
damager noun
Choose the Right Synonym for damage

injure, harm, hurt, damage, impair, mar mean to affect injuriously.

injure implies the inflicting of anything detrimental to one's looks, comfort, health, or success.

badly injured in an accident

harm often stresses the inflicting of pain, suffering, or loss.

careful not to harm the animals

hurt implies inflicting a wound to the body or to the feelings.

hurt by their callous remarks

damage suggests injury that lowers value or impairs usefulness.

a table damaged in shipping

impair suggests a making less complete or efficient by deterioration or diminution.

years of smoking had impaired his health

mar applies to injury that spoils perfection (as of a surface) or causes disfigurement.

the text is marred by many typos

Example Sentences

Noun The items were carefully wrapped to protect them from damage during shipping. The city sustained heavy damage during the war. Fortunately the boat suffered no serious damage in the storm. The fall caused considerable damage to her knee. The disease is known to cause permanent brain damage. The scandal caused significant damage to her career. You've said enough. Please leave before you do any more damage. He tried to repair the damage by apologizing. He apologized, but the damage was already done. Verb Please return any items that are damaged during shipping. Many homes were damaged or completely destroyed in the fire. The fall severely damaged her knee. Smoking can seriously damage your lungs. The scandal significantly damaged her career. This news will damage his reputation. He was worried that his comments had damaged their relationship. He's trying to repair his damaged reputation. See More
Recent Examples on the Web
If hepatitis C infection occurs, damage to the liver would be minimal during such a short time frame. Andrea L. Cox, STAT, 16 Sep. 2022 The potential damage of the growing criticism for Putin is clear, with pressure both to step up the military campaign and to bring it to an end increasing. Phil Mccausland, NBC News, 16 Sep. 2022 The fire has destroyed 64 structures and damaged 10 in Placer and El Dorado counties, according to Cal Fire's most recent damage assessment report. Thao Nguyen, USA TODAY, 15 Sep. 2022 That is a damage assessment that, frankly, even the judge in Florida has said can continue. CBS News, 11 Sep. 2022 The damage, Snyder says, could have been much worse. Diana Pearl, Peoplemag, 9 Sep. 2022 The damage done isn’t permanent, and all the hardship leads to better things. Jordan Mintzer, The Hollywood Reporter, 9 Sep. 2022 An arriving officer said the damage was consistent with someone attempting to steal a vehicle. John Benson, cleveland, 7 Sep. 2022 On Monday, White House press secretary Karine Jean-Pierre declined to say whether President Biden would be briefed upon completion of the damage assessment. Aruna Viswanatha, WSJ, 29 Aug. 2022
King Charles, Harry's father, reportedly worries that the book will further damage his reputation right after he's taken the throne. Kathleen Walsh, Glamour, 16 Sep. 2022 Elter also worries that excavations by inexperienced people could damage the site. Fares Akram, Anchorage Daily News, 16 Sep. 2022 China’s Ministry of Commerce on Thursday said the U.S. move would damage the interests of both Chinese and American companies. Dan Strumpf, WSJ, 1 Sep. 2022 News anchor Nathan Downer suggested that associating with Tyson could damage Ford's campaign. Patrick Ryan, USA TODAY, 27 Aug. 2022 Republicans are on track to oppose the legislation as one, saying its tax boosts and spending would worsen inflation and damage the economy. BostonGlobe.com, 4 Aug. 2022 Biden administration officials warned the trip would potentially damage relations between the US and China, and indeed, Beijing has already voiced displeasure. Aj Willingham, CNN, 3 Aug. 2022 One of his biggest worries about the solar project is that the developer will damage the drainage tile network during the installation of thousands of posts for mounting the panels. Dan Gearino, ABC News, 29 July 2022 The delay will be reported to credit bureaus, which can damage your credit. Claire Thornton, USA TODAY, 25 Aug. 2022 See More

Word History


Noun and Verb

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from dan damage, from Latin damnum — see damn entry 1

First Known Use


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


14th century, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of damage was in the 14th century
IELTS BNC: 1074 COCA: 1522


1harm/injury危害;損傷ADJECTIVE | VERB + DAMAGE | DAMAGE + VERB | DAMAGE + NOUN | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADJECTIVEconsiderable, enormous, great, heavy, massive, serious, severe, significant, substantial, untold重大的損害;嚴重的損害;不可估量的損害The power plant will cause untold damage to the local environment.電站將會對當地環境造成不可估量的損害。minimal, minor, slight最小的/較小的/輕微的損害extensive, widespread大範圍的破壞;大面積的損害irreparable, irreversible, lasting, long-term, permanent不可彌補的/無法挽回的/持久的/長期的/永久的損害The incident did permanent damage to relations between the two countries.這起事件對兩國關係造成了永久的損害。potential潛在的損害criminal, malicious, wilful (all BrE, law法律) 刑事損害;蓄意損毀He was prosecuted for criminal damage to a vehicle.他被控對汽車存在刑事損害。accidental意外損害The insurance policy covers the building for accidental damage.這份保單承保這座建築的意外毀損。emotional, environmental, mechanical, physical, psychological, structural感情傷害;環境破壞;機械損傷;身體傷害;精神傷害;結構損壞brain, liver, nerve, etc.腦部、肝臟、神經等損傷She suffered serious brain damage at birth.她出生時腦部嚴重損傷。property財產損失collateral附帶傷害VERB + DAMAGEcause, do, inflict引起損害;造成損傷;加以傷害The earthquake caused widespread damage to property.地震造成了大範圍的財產損失。They inflicted severe psychological damage on their opponents.他們給對手造成了極大的心理傷害。suffer, sustain遭受破壞;蒙受損失repair彌補損失pay for賠償損失assess評估損失avoid, prevent避免/防止損失limit, minimize, reduce限制/最大限度減少/減少損失DAMAGE + VERBoccur, result損失發生/產生DAMAGE + NOUNassessment, report損失評估/報告control, limitation (especially BrE) 損失控制/限制Serious damage control was needed after the information was leaked to the papers.信息泄露給報界後,需要採取嚴格的損失控制措施。The attempt at stopping the floods turned into a damage-limitation exercise.阻止洪水的奮戰變成了一場盡可能控制損失的演練。PREPOSITIONdamage by由⋯引起的損害The building suffered extensive damage by fire in 1925.這座建築在 1925 年因火災遭到了大面積的損毀。damage from來自⋯的傷害Crops are sprayed with chemicals to prevent damage from insects.莊稼噴上了農藥預防蟲害。damage to對⋯的破壞lasting damage to the environment對環境的持久破壞PHRASESthe cost of the damage損失的代價The cost of the damage is estimated at around $2 billion.損失估計約有 20 億美元。the damage is done事已至此(已無法挽回)Don't try to apologize-the damage is done.別道歉了 - 已於事無補了。the extent of the damage損害的程度At the moment it is difficult to assess the extent of the damage.損毀程度目前還很難估計。


2damages money you can claim from sb損害賠償金ADJECTIVE | VERB + DAMAGES | DAMAGES + NOUN | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADJECTIVEcivil民事賠償金substantial巨額賠償金punitive懲罰性損害賠償金VERB + DAMAGESincur, suffer引發/遭受損害賠償damages incurred by the unfairly sacked workers不公平解雇工人引發的損害賠償claim, seek, sue (sb) for索賠;尋求賠償;起訴(某人)要求賠償He decided to sue the company for damages.他決定起訴這家公司要求賠償損失。assess確定賠償額The court will assess the damages.法庭將會評定損失賠償額。award (sb)判給(某人)損害賠償金pay (sb)賠償(某人)損失obtain, receive, recover, win獲得損害賠償金;收到損害賠償金be liable for, be liable in (BrE, both law法律) 有責任賠償損失If goods are lost in transit, the carrier will be liable for damages.貨物若在運輸途中丟失,承運人有責任賠償。DAMAGES + NOUNaction, claim損害賠償訴訟;索賠A woman is to bring a civil damages claim against the two men.一名女子要對這兩名男子提起民事賠償訴訟。award損害賠償金裁決PREPOSITIONin damage以賠償金形式They are claiming $5 million in damages.他們索賠 500 萬美元損失費。damage for為⋯的賠償He received damages for personal injury.他拿到了人身傷害賠償金。damage of⋯的賠償金She was awarded damages of £90 000.她得到 9 萬英鎊的賠償金。PHRASESan action for damages, a claim for damages索賠訴訟;索賠The judge upheld her claim for damages against her former employer.法官支持她向以前的雇主索賠。


ADVERBbadly, heavily, seriously, severely嚴重破壞The building was badly damaged by fire.這座建築遭到大火嚴重破壞。slightly輕微破壞irreparably, permanently不可彌補地破壞;永久性地破壞She may have damaged her health irreparably.她可能已經對自己的健康造成了不可彌補的傷害。

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