🔍 牛津詞典
🔍 朗文詞典
🔍 劍橋詞典
🔍 柯林斯詞典
🔍 麥美倫詞典
🔍 韋氏詞典 🎯

(Mr. Ng 不推薦使用 Google 翻譯!)
BNC: 20 COCA: 30


1 by /ˈbaɪ/ /bə/ preposition
1 by
/ˈbaɪ/ /bə/
Learner's definition of BY
: close to or next to (something or someone) : near靠近;在…旁边
: up to and beyond (something or someone) : past经过;从…旁边过
: at or to (someone's home)在,去(某人家)
used following a passive verb to indicate the person or thing that does something被,由(用于表被动的动词后,表示施动者)
used to indicate the thing that is used to do something通过,凭,靠(表示使用的工具或手段)
used to indicate an action that is done for a particular purpose以…方式(表示为实现特定目的所做的行为)
used to indicate the person who wrote or created something由…所作,由…创作(表示作者或创作者)
used to indicate the method used to go somewhere, send something, etc.乘坐,经由,通过(表示交通、传递等的方式)
used to indicate the method used to enter or leave a place从…(表示进入或离开的途径)
used to indicate the name that is used for someone or something表示人或物的名字
used to indicate how someone is spoken to, identified, etc.表示对某人讲话或辨认某人的方式
used to introduce the name of someone or something important as proof that you are speaking the truth以…的名义(表示起誓)
often used in phrases like by God to add emphasis常用于by God等短语,表示强调
: when using (a specified word or phrase)使用(某个具体的词或短语)
used to indicate the part of something or of a person's body that is held, grasped, etc.表示抓住、握住的人或物的部位
: during the time of (day or night)在…期间;在(白天或夜晚)的时候
used to indicate the kind of light that occurs or is used when something is being looked at, read, etc.借助…的光线
: not later than (a specified time) : at, in, on, or before (a specified time)不晚于;在…之前
: during the time until (a specified time)截至;至
: in a way that agrees with or follows (something, such as a rule)按照(规则等)
: in a way that is based on (something)依据
: according to (something)根据;按照
used to indicate units of measurement or quantity按…计量
used to indicate the number that multiplies or divides another number表示乘数或除数
used to indicate the numbers of a measurement表示尺寸
used to indicate an amount, length, etc.多出…,以…之差(表示数量、长度等)
used to indicate someone's job, origin, character, etc.表示工作、出身、性格等
used in phrases to describe the speed at which something happens or changes用于短语,表示事物发生或变化的速度
used in phrases to describe how a series of people or things proceed or are dealt with用于短语,表示一群人的行进方式或一连串事物的处置方式
informal : in the opinion of (someone)在…看来
somewhat formal
: on behalf of (someone)为了,为帮助(某人)
used to indicate the husband or wife who is the parent of someone's child由…所生

by the by

old-fashioned or by the bye
used to introduce a statement that provides added information or that mentions another subject顺便说一句;附带说说

by yourself

: without others : alone独自;一个人
2 by /ˈbaɪ/ adverb
2 by
Learner's definition of BY
: 4past
used with put to describe something that is being kept or saved for a future use与put连用,表示把某物存起来以备将来使用
: at or to someone's home在某人家;去某人家
: close or near在附近

by and by

literary + old-fashioned
: before too long : eventually不久;很快;最终

by and large

: in a general way : in general大体上;总的说来
: in most cases : in general通常情况下;一般来说
BNC: 20 COCA: 30


1 of 5


ˈbī How to pronounce by (audio)
 before consonants also 
: in proximity to : near
standing by the window
: into the vicinity of and beyond : past
went right by him
: through or through the medium (see medium entry 1 sense 2) of : via
enter by the door
: in the direction of : toward
sailed north by east
: during the course of
studied by night
: not later than
be there by 2 p.m.
: through the agency (see agency sense 3) or instrumentality of
a poem written by Keats
death by firing squad
taken by force
happened by luck
: born or begot of
had two sons by his first wife
one child by her second husband
: sired or borne by
having foals by champion race horses
: with the witness or sanction (see sanction entry 1 sense 4c) of
swear by all that is holy
: in conformity with
acted by the rules
: according to
called her by name
sold by the pound
used as a function word in multiplication, in division, and in measurements
divide a by bmultiply 10 by 4a room 15 feet by 20 feet
: with respect to
a lawyer by profession
: on behalf of
did right by his children
: in or to the amount or extent of
win by a nose
chiefly Scotland : in comparison with : beside
used as a function word to indicate successive units or increments
little by littlewalk two by two
: in the opinion of : from the point of view of
OK by me


2 of 5


: past
saw him go by
: at or to another's home
stop by
: close at hand : near
lives close by
: aside, away


3 of 5


variants or bye
plural byes ˈbīz How to pronounce by (audio)
: something of secondary importance : a side issue
by the by


4 of 5


variants or bye
: being off the main route : side
a by passage
: incidental
by effects


5 of 5


variants or bye
used to express farewell
often used with following now
by the by or by the bye




Example Sentences

Preposition His wife was sitting by him. They have a house by the lake. The bus went right by him without stopping. Some friends stopped by our house for a chat. Why don't you come by my place later? Adverb The bus went right by without stopping. We stood and applauded as the parade went by. Why don't you come by later? See More
Recent Examples on the Web
Observe, and observe, then after observing, try to process, but by slowing down the mind, first. Holly Jones, Variety, 12 Sep. 2022 Based on the pre-tax profits of the fiscal year starting in 2022 that are higher—by a yet-to-be determined percentage — than average pre-tax profits for the three years starting 2019. Lenka Ponikelska, Fortune, 12 Sep. 2022 The following month, the duo attended The Hollywood Reporter's Most Powerful People In Media party in N.Y.C., posing side-by-side in their monochromatic outfits. Francesca Gariano, Peoplemag, 12 Sep. 2022 Index rating is a good way to track the ups and downs of modern digital life on a country-by-country basis. Eric Griffith, PCMAG, 12 Sep. 2022 The game will be shown nationally on NBC, with Mike Tirico (play-by-play), Cris Collinsworth (analysis) and Melissa Stark (sideline) on the call. Steve Gardner, USA TODAY, 12 Sep. 2022 This site is protected by recaptcha Privacy Policy | Terms of Service People who had HIV and monkeypox were more than twice as likely to be hospitalized, the centers said, although the exact reason for treatment wasn't known. Dennis Romero, NBC News, 12 Sep. 2022 He was then arrested on a battery-by-strangulation charge. Lisa J. Huriash, Sun Sentinel, 11 Sep. 2022 Subscribers can also check out game-by-game predictions for ASU's season, including the Sun Devils' game vs. Oklahoma State, here. Jeremy Cluff, The Arizona Republic, 11 Sep. 2022
Weeks, then months, went by, and Buchwald was still alive and funny. Eric Weiner, Washington Post, 9 Sep. 2022 The days went by, and Brahms didn’t notice any real improvement. Tom Green | Tgreen@al.com, al, 8 Sep. 2022 Pride Month events in June went by without pop-up clinics. Jen Christensen, CNN, 3 Sep. 2022 But several seconds went by before Fenumiai announced the apparent winner, tripping over Peltola’s name. Iris Samuels, Anchorage Daily News, 2 Sep. 2022 Still, more than four months went by without updates from the Miami Police. Andrea Marks, Rolling Stone, 31 Aug. 2022 Hardly a blink went by, and Curry was handing off to Samples, the 5-foot-6 back’s powerful legs churning for another chunk of yardage. Luca Evans, Los Angeles Times, 26 Aug. 2022 As the years went by and the notes continued, the card became too small to hold the cousins' memories. Amy Schwabe, Journal Sentinel, 26 Aug. 2022 An hour went by before Conley arrived and parked out of frame of the video. Cory Shaffer, cleveland, 23 Aug. 2022
Sarver was fined $10 million, the maximum allowed under the NBA constitution and by-laws, suspended a year, but remains the team owner. Duane Rankin, The Arizona Republic, 14 Sep. 2022 The fine of $10 million is the most that can be levied under the NBA’s constitution and by-laws, the league said, and will be donated to organizations that focus on race and gender in and outside the workplace. Louise Radnofsky, WSJ, 13 Sep. 2022 Outside the courthouse in downtown West Palm Beach, news media vans and cameras lined the street, prompting a passer-by to remark that someone famous must be inside. New York Times, 18 Aug. 2022 In response to the uproar following his by-then viral trash video, Purja added that the litter shouldn’t necessarily be perceived as malice. Anna Callaghan, Outside Online, 29 Aug. 2022 But for a shop that's part of a business district heavily reliant on passers-by and tourists, Fields has noticed that inflation seems to be taking a bite. Alicia Wallace, CNN, 29 July 2022 Though this is only the third one-on-one date of the season, producers are already leaping ahead to an old stand-by: The Pretty Woman date! Kristen Baldwin, EW.com, 26 July 2022 In 1990, he was elected to the British Parliament in a by-election and resigned from Queen’s University to pursue his political career. Alan Cowell, New York Times, 25 July 2022 During campaigning for the by-elections, Khan has warned about government plans to rig the vote and described the poll as an opportunity to end dynastic family rule and the influence of the US. Kamran Haider, BostonGlobe.com, 17 July 2022
Running backs coach Mike Jinks reiterated USC wants to employ less of a by-committee approach this fall, and Ingram has the look of a workhorse, with the ability to do damage in space and between the tackles. Ryan Kartje, Los Angeles Times, 1 May 2021 About 500 fast charging stalls will go live the by end of this year, GM said. Jamie L. Lareau, Detroit Free Press, 28 Apr. 2021 But even Alabama must face this stark reality: Smith, Waddle and Harris were generational talents capable of being replaced only with a by-committee approach. USA Today, 16 Apr. 2021 Clouds will increase by evening as the next rainy front approaches. oregonlive, 29 Apr. 2020 Partly sunny skies emerge for all by afternoon as temperatures struggle to move past the 30s to low 40s for highs. Matt Rogers, Washington Post, 10 Dec. 2019 Horton was a familiar face in the community by sight, if not by name. Susan Hoffman, Daily Pilot, 15 July 2019 JoJo’ Robar, if not by name then by description — that guy with the 200-watt smile and his three-wheeled bike who rode all over, collecting cans and friends. Bill Leukhardt, Courant Community, 13 June 2018 In the church’s library, retired religion scholar Herb Burhenn unpacks John 16 verse by verse as a dozen seniors seated around a long table listen and nod deferentially. G. Jeffrey Macdonald, The Christian Science Monitor, 30 Oct. 2017 See More

Word History


Preposition, Adverb, Noun, and Adjective

Middle English, preposition & adverb, from Old English, preposition, be, bī; akin to Old High German by, near, Latin ambi- on both sides, around, Greek amphi


short for goodbye

First Known Use


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2b


1567, in the meaning defined above


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


1709, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of by was before the 12th century
BNC: 20 COCA: 30

👨🏻‍🏫 Mr. Ng 韋氏詞典 📚 – mw.mister5️⃣.net
Site Uptime