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BNC: 1839 COCA: 1526


1 hate /ˈheɪt/ noun
plural hates
1 hate
plural hates
Learner's definition of HATE
: a very strong feeling of dislike憎恨;仇恨;厌恶
sometimes used before another noun有时用于另一名词前
opposite love
2 hate /ˈheɪt/ verb
hates; hated; hating
2 hate
hates; hated; hating
Learner's definition of HATE
: to dislike (someone) very strongly : to feel hate for (someone)仇恨,憎恨(某人)
[+ object]
[no object]
opposite love
[+ object] : to dislike (something) very strongly : to find (something) very unpleasant讨厌,厌恶,不喜欢(某事物)
often followed by to + verb常接动词不定式
opposite love
[+ object]used to apologize for doing something or to express regret or guilt用于表达歉意或悔意
often followed by to + verb常接动词不定式

hate someone's guts

see 1gut

— hater

noun, plural haters [count]
BNC: 1839 COCA: 1526


1 of 2


: intense hostility and aversion usually deriving from fear, anger, or sense of injury
: extreme dislike or disgust : antipathy, loathing
had a great hate of hard work
: a systematic and especially politically exploited expression of hatred
a crime motivated by bigotry and hate
often used before another noun
hate mailan organization tracking hate groups
see also hate crime
: an object of hatred
a generation whose finest hate had been big business F. L. Paxson


2 of 2


hated; hating

transitive verb

: to feel extreme enmity toward : to regard with active hostility
hates his country's enemies
: to have a strong aversion to : find very distasteful
hated to have to meet strangers
hate hypocrisy

intransitive verb

: to express or feel extreme enmity or active hostility
harsh faces and hating eyes Katherine A. Porter
hate one's guts
: to hate someone with great intensity
Choose the Right Synonym for hate

hate, detest, abhor, abominate, loathe mean to feel strong aversion or intense dislike for.

hate implies an emotional aversion often coupled with enmity or malice.

hated the enemy with a passion

detest suggests violent antipathy.

detests cowards

abhor implies a deep often shuddering repugnance.

a crime abhorred by all

abominate suggests strong detestation and often moral condemnation.

abominates all forms of violence

loathe implies utter disgust and intolerance.

loathed the mere sight of them

Example Sentences

Noun These crimes are motivated by prejudice and hate. They have been unable to overcome their hates and fears. Verb He was a cruel tyrant who was hated and feared by his people. She hated them for betraying her. They were political rivals who truly hated each other. What is it that you hate about him most? children whose families have taught them to hate They hate being apart from each other. I hate the idea of leaving my mother alone all week. See More
Recent Examples on the Web
Mainstream legal experts have said if HB 20 survives legal challenge, tech companies would be forced to host spam, hate speech, pornography and other legal-but-problematic material on their platforms in order to comply with the text of the law. Brian Fung, CNN, 16 Sep. 2022 The law, known as A.B. 587, will require tech companies to file semiannual reports with the state’s attorney general that publicly disclose their content moderation policies regarding hate speech, disinformation and extremism. Cat Zakrzewski, Washington Post, 14 Sep. 2022 Jones, whose web show and Infowars brand are based in Austin, Texas, has been banned from YouTube, Facebook and Spotify for violating hate-speech policies. CBS News, 13 Sep. 2022 Jones, whose web show and Infowars brand are based in Austin, Texas, has been banned from YouTube, Facebook and Spotify for violating hate-speech policies. Dave Collins, Chicago Tribune, 13 Sep. 2022 Jones, whose web show and Infowars brand are based in Austin, Texas, has been banned from YouTube, Facebook and Spotify for violating hate-speech policies. Dave Collins, BostonGlobe.com, 13 Sep. 2022 YouTube also banned Tate’s channels, including TateSpeech, citing multiple violations of the platform’s community guidelines and terms of service, including its hate-speech policy. Todd Spangler, Variety, 26 Aug. 2022 Previously, after widespread negative attention, Cloudflare has removed its services from websites like the Daily Stormer, a neo-Nazi hate forum, and 8Chan, the extremist platform. Ben Collins, NBC News, 2 Sep. 2022 Its importance is magnified even more with the increase in the number of hate groups that have cropped up across the nation, including reports of white nationalist organizations in Connecticut, Kornman said. Ted Glanzer, Hartford Courant, 2 Sep. 2022
Sibley tried his hand selling residential real estate in Boston, and didn’t hate it. Steve Marantz, BostonGlobe.com, 15 Sep. 2022 This new whisky from Highland Park combines the best of both of these worlds, meaning that the lovers are gonna love, the haters are gonna hate and all the while the angels will continue to drink their share. Jonah Flicker, Robb Report, 6 Sep. 2022 Dogs and cats tend to hate it and their owners don't exactly love to do it, either. Caitlyn Hitt, Peoplemag, 30 Aug. 2022 Some restaurants, knowing that customers hate them, have brought back physical menus. Danielle Wiener-bronner, CNN, 20 Aug. 2022 While fans in the Bay Area may hate it, all of that is by design. Bryan Toporek, Forbes, 2 Aug. 2022 But nuclear energy already exists — and the environmentalists who should be its most committed and energetic advocates positively hate it. Kevin D. Williamson, National Review, 28 July 2022 In both swing states and safe seats, many Republicans say that liberals hate them personally and may turn rioters or a police state on people who disobey them. David Weigel, Anchorage Daily News, 24 July 2022 Usually those who hate it are those who don’t maintain it. oregonlive, 18 July 2022 See More

Word History



Middle English, probably derivative of haten "to hate entry 2," replacing hete "hate, hatred," going back to Old English, going back to Germanic *hatiz- (whence, also inflected as an i-stem as in Old English, Old Saxon heti "hatred," and, inflected as a neuter strong noun, Old Norse hatr "hatred, spite" and Gothic hatis "anger, enmity"), perhaps going back to Indo-European *ḱh2d-es-, derivative of a base *ḱeh2d- "grief, pain, hatred," whence, with different ablaut grades and suffixation, Oscan cadeis (genitive singular) "ill will," Middle Irish cais "love, hatred," Old Welsh cás "bitterness, hatred" (Celtic from a derivative *ḱh2d-ti-), Greek kêdos (neuter) "care, grief, (in plural) funeral rites, mourning, connection by marriage," Avestan sādra- "grief, pain, calamity"

Note: Though this Indo-European etymon is generally accepted in etymological dictionaries of the relevant older languages, the semantic relations are far from transparent, in particular the relation between "grief, mourning, care" (Greek, Iranian) and "hatred" (Germanic, Italic, and Celtic, though the ambiguity of the Irish word is peculiar).


Middle English haten, going back to Old English hatian, going back to Germanic *hatōjan- (whence Old Saxon haton "to hate," Old High German hazzōn, Old Norse hata,), derivative from the base of *hatiz- hate entry 1

First Known Use


12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of hate was before the 12th century
BNC: 1839 COCA: 1526


1strong feeling of dislike憎惡ADJECTIVE | VERB + HATE | HATE + NOUN | PREPOSITION ADJECTIVEabsolute, pure絕對的/純粹的憎恨VERB + HATEbe filled with, be full of, burn with充滿仇恨He burned with hate for everyone and everything.他心裏滿是對所有人和事的仇恨。HATE + NOUNcampaign, figure, mail對某人名譽的詆譭;遭憎恨的人;詆譭信件victim of a vicious hate campaign名譽遭惡意詆譭的人She became a hate figure for politicians on the left.她成為左翼政客仇視的對象。crime, speech仇恨犯罪/言論PREPOSITIONhate for對⋯的仇恨full of hate for the people who had betrayed her對那些背叛她的人滿懷仇恨


2sb/sth you hate憎惡的對象ADJECTIVEpet (BrE) 特別討厭的東西Jazz has always been a pet hate of mine.我對爵士樂向來特別反感。


ADVERB | VERB + HATE | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADVERBparticularly, really特別痛恨;非常憎恨absolutely確實憎惡I absolutely hate cooking.我對做飯厭惡透頂。almost幾乎憎恨For a moment she almost hated him.她一度差不多把他當成了仇人。just就是憎恨Don't you just hate people who are always right?難道你不討厭那種一貫正確的人嗎?always一直厭惡I always hated school.我一向討厭上學。still仍然仇恨VERB + HATEbegin to, come to, grow to開始仇恨;逐漸開始仇恨He came to hate the town, with its narrow prejudices.小鎮的種種狹隘偏見令他漸生厭惡之情。love to願意憎恨the media baron all the liberals love to hate招致所有自由黨人都憎恨的媒體大亨PREPOSITIONfor因⋯而仇視He hated me for standing up to him.因為我頂撞他,他就恨我。PHRASEShate it when討厭⋯I hate it when you lose your temper like that.我很討厭你發那麼大脾氣。hate to say, see, think, etc.討厭說、不願看見、討厭去想等I'd hate to say how many hours I've spent trying to fix my computer.提起我花了多長時間修我的電腦,我就感到憤恨。

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