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BNC: 1184 COCA: 937


1 pain /ˈpeɪn/ noun
plural pains
1 pain
plural pains
Learner's definition of PAIN
: the physical feeling caused by disease, injury, or something that hurts the body疼痛;病痛;伤痛
see also aches and pains at 2ache
: mental or emotional suffering : sadness caused by some emotional or mental problem痛苦;苦恼;悲痛
see also growing pains
[singular] informal : someone or something that causes trouble or makes you feel annoyed or angry讨厌的人(或事);烦恼
often used in phrases like pain in the neck or (impolite) pain in the ass常用于pain in the neck或(非礼貌用语)pain in the ass等短语

be at pains

: to try hard to do something尽力

feel no pain

see 1feel

go to great pains

or take (great) pains
: to be careful in doing something : to try hard to do something尽力;竭力followed by to + verb接动词不定式

no gain without pain

see 2gain

no pain, no gain

see 2gain

on/under pain of

: at the risk of being given (a particular form of punishment)冒(受惩罚的)风险
2 pain /ˈpeɪn/ verb
pains; pained; paining
2 pain
pains; pained; paining
Learner's definition of PAIN
[+ object] formal
: to cause (someone) to feel emotional pain : to make (someone) upset, sad, worried, etc.使痛苦;使苦恼;使悲痛
BNC: 1184 COCA: 937


1 of 2


: a localized or generalized unpleasant bodily sensation or complex of sensations that causes mild to severe physical discomfort and emotional distress and typically results from bodily disorder (such as injury or disease)
acute shooting pains
also : the state marked by the presence of such sensations
was in constant pain
: a basic bodily sensation that is induced by a noxious stimulus, is received by naked nerve endings, is associated with actual or potential tissue damage, is characterized by physical discomfort (such as pricking, throbbing, or aching), and typically leads to evasive action
: mental or emotional distress or suffering : grief
the pain she had felt at those humiliating words Morley Callaghan
informal : one that irks or annoys or is otherwise troublesome
… almost everything requires a password these days, and it can be a real pain to remember them all. Michael Cahlin
often used in such phrases as pain in the neck or (impolite) pain in the ass/butt
His little sister is a real pain in the neck.
pains plural : trouble, care, or effort taken to accomplish something
was at pains to reassure us
pains plural : the throes of childbirth
: punishment
the pains and penalties of crime


2 of 2


pained; paining; pains

transitive verb

: to make suffer or cause distress to : hurt
archaic : to put (oneself) to trouble or exertion

intransitive verb

: to give or have a sensation of pain
archaic : suffer
on pain of or under pain of
: subject to penalty or punishment of
made to leave the country on pain of death

Example Sentences

Noun The medication may upset your stomach but if you experience acute abdominal pain call your doctor. I've had chronic back pain since the accident. The medicine provides 12 hours of pain relief. I feel a dull pain if I touch the bruise. the pain of a difficult childhood It is a story about the joys and pains of life. Rush hour traffic is such a pain. This orange is a pain to peel. Verb As much as it pains me to admit it, she was right. my poor head was paining so from all that racket See More
Recent Examples on the Web
His book, whose title refers to the year-long tour of duty in Vietnam, mixes the raw pain and fear of the wounded with Dr. Glasser’s physician’s eye for how their bodies were torn apart. Brian Murphy, Washington Post, 9 Sep. 2022 Among his baseless provocations, Lavrov had accused Ukrainian soldiers of using drugs that prevented them from experiencing pain and fear. Franklin Foer, The Atlantic, 8 Sep. 2022 That song really speaks to me, about dealing with pain and loss and recovering from that and finding a way to keep living. Melissa Ruggieri, USA TODAY, 8 Sep. 2022 Cammarano plans to attend Saturday’s Mass despite undergoing recent knee surgery that left her with pain and limited mobility. Andrew J. Campa, Los Angeles Times, 8 Sep. 2022 Mackey also dealt with Raynaud’s disease, which causes intense finger pain and inoperability when exposed to cold. Zaz Hollander, Anchorage Daily News, 8 Sep. 2022 These included pain and redness at the injection site, headache, fatigue and fever. Tanya Lewis, Scientific American, 7 Sep. 2022 His short game, however, has inflicted no end of pain and suffering. David A. Andelman, CNN, 6 Sep. 2022 Greater restrictions have been placed on research involving animals that are more cognitively advanced or exhibit greater capacity for pain, Dr. Farahany points out. Amy Dockser Marcus, WSJ, 6 Sep. 2022
Ease tension, stress, or pain the traditional Chinese medicine way with this at-home acupressure kit. Alyssa Gautieri, Good Housekeeping, 26 Aug. 2022 Appropriately named the minicure, the robot manicure service uses a combination of 3D and A1 technology to pain your nails in under 10 minutes. Ariana Yaptangco, Glamour, 3 Aug. 2022 Kristen Stewart, Scott Speedman and Welket Bungué star in the feature, a dystopian tale set in a new future in which humans have become desensitized to pain and are merging with their artificial environment. Scott Roxborough, The Hollywood Reporter, 14 June 2022 Side effects — mainly pain at the injection site, headaches and fatigue — were mild and infrequent. Karen Kaplanscience And Medicine Editor, Los Angeles Times, 24 May 2022 There have been some hints in previous studies that pain tolerance is a trainable trait, and that endurance training is one way of enhancing it. Alex Hutchinson, Outside Online, 7 Oct. 2020 Your doctor may also prescribe medication, such as oral or topical steroids and/or pain relievers to help bring down the inflammation and ease your discomfort. Naomi Barr, SELF, 31 Mar. 2022 More than 200,000 were left with damaged salivary glands, which causes difficultly and pain eating, swallowing, and speaking. David Ropeik, STAT, 28 Feb. 2022 So the butterflies have to endure [the] pain themselves in order to flourish. Dianna Mazzone, Allure, 28 Apr. 2022 See More

Word History



Middle English, from Anglo-French peine, from Latin poena, from Greek poinē payment, penalty; akin to Greek tinein to pay, tinesthai to punish, Avestan kaēnā revenge, Sanskrit cayate he revenges

First Known Use


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 5


14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of pain was in the 14th century
BNC: 1184 COCA: 937


1physical pain身體疼痛ADJECTIVE | ... OF PAIN | VERB + PAIN | PAIN + VERB | PAIN + NOUN | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADJECTIVEacute, agonizing, awful, blinding, excruciating, extreme, great, immense, intense, severe, terrible, unbearable, unimaginable劇痛;折磨人的痛;鑽心的痛;無法忍受的痛aching, burning, cramping, numbing, piercing, searing, sharp, shooting, stabbing, stinging, throbbing痠痛;灼痛;絞痛;痛得發麻;刺痛;劇痛;抽痛She had a burning pain in one eye.她的一隻眼睛有灼痛感。dull, little, mild, slight隱隱的疼痛;輕微的疼痛debilitating讓人虛弱的疼痛chronic, constant, nagging, persistent長期的/持續的/難以消除的/持久的疼痛sudden突然發作的疼痛intermittent間歇的疼痛recurrent反複發作的疼痛bodily, physical肉體上的痛苦abdominal, back, chest, joint, leg, muscle, pelvic, shoulder, stomach腹痛;背疼;胸痛;關節疼;腿疼;肌肉痛;盆腔痛;肩膀痛;胃痛She's been in bed with back pain.她因後背痛而一直卧牀。He went to the doctor with chest pains.他胸部疼痛,去看醫生了。menstrual, period (especially BrE) 痛經arthritis關節炎疼痛labor pain, labour/labor pains (BrE, NAmE) 分娩時的陣痛growing pains發育期痛phantom幻覺痛the phantom pain of a lost limb失去的肢體的幻覺疼痛... OF PAINspasm, stab一陣抽痛;一陣突然的劇痛VERB + PAINbe in, be racked with, experience, feel, get, go through, have, suffer, suffer from疼痛;受疼痛折磨;感到疼痛;經受疼痛He was obviously in a great deal of pain.他顯然疼得很厲害。Can you feel any pain?你能感覺到痛嗎?Marathon runners are used to going through pain.馬拉松選手已習慣了疼痛。He was taken to the hospital suffering from severe abdominal pain.他因腹部劇痛被送到醫院。cause, give sb, inflict引起/令某人/使遭受疼痛His back gives him a lot of pain.他的背痛得厲害。It's wrong to inflict pain on any animal.傷害任何動物都是不道德的。aggravate, exacerbate, increase, make worse使疼痛加劇alleviate, block out, deaden, dull, ease, help, kill, lessen, numb, reduce, relieve, soothe, stop減輕疼痛;抑制疼痛;鎮痛;止痛These pills should ease the pain.這些藥丸應該會緩解疼痛。control, manage抑制疼痛The treatments helped manage his pain.這些治療有助於幫他止痛。minimize盡可能減少疼痛treat治療疼痛Doctors used to treat back pain with rest.醫生們過去讓病人靜養來治療背痛。bear, endure, put up with, stand, take, withstand忍受疼痛ignore忽視疼痛cry out in, cry with, groan with, scream with痛得喊出來;痛得呻吟;疼得尖叫be contorted with, contort in因疼痛而扭曲His face was contorted with pain as he crossed the finish line.衝過終點線時,他疼得臉都變了形。PAIN + VERBbegin, come, occur, start疼痛開始發作The pains began shortly after she started work as a gardener.她當上園丁不久,疼痛就開始了。erupt, flare, flare up疼痛發作hit sb/sth, strike sb/sth疼痛襲擊⋯A sharp pain hit the middle of my chest and I collapsed.我的胸部正中一陣劇痛,然後我便暈倒了。course through sb/sth, flash through sth, flood sth, lance through sb/sth (literary, especially NAmE) , radiate from sth to sth, rip through sb/sth, rush through sb/sth, rush up sb/sth, sear through sb/sth, shoot through sth, shoot up sth, stab sb/sth, surge through sb/sth, sweep over sb/sth, sweep through sb/sth, tear through sb/sth, throb, wash over sb疼痛經過⋯;疼痛掠過⋯;疼痛傳到⋯;疼痛從⋯傳到⋯;疼痛湧到⋯;抽痛;疼痛遍及⋯A sharp pain shot up his leg.他的腿上一陣劇痛。overwhelm sb, wrack sb/sth疼痛壓倒⋯/使⋯垮掉Pain wracked her frail body once more.疼痛再次擊垮了她虛弱的身體。grow stronger, increase, intensify, worsen疼痛變得強烈;疼痛加劇disappear, ease, fade, go, recede, stop, subside疼痛消失;疼痛停止;疼痛慢慢消退Has the pain gone yet?疼痛已經消失了嗎?persist疼痛不止If the pain persists, see your doctor.如果還是疼的話,就去看醫生。come back, return疼痛重新開始PAIN + NOUNcontrol, management, relief止痛;疼痛治療killer (usually painkiller) , medication, medicine, pill, reliever止痛藥sufferer疼痛患者symptoms疼痛症狀specialist疼痛治療專家clinic疼痛門診threshold, tolerance痛閾;疼痛耐受力level疼痛程度intensity, severity疼痛強度sensation痛覺PREPOSITIONpain in⋯處的痛a pain in her side她身體一側的疼痛PHRASESaches and pains疼痛Eucalyptus oil is good for easing muscular aches and pains.桉樹油可以很好地緩解肌肉的疼痛。a cry of pain疼痛的大叫a threshold for pain, a threshold of pain痛覺閾;痛點I have a very low threshold for pain.我這人痛點很低。


2unhappiness不愉快ADJECTIVE | VERB + PAIN | PHRASES ADJECTIVEgreat, immense, intense, terrible非常痛苦numbing使人麻木的疼痛indescribable, unspeakable難言之痛emotional感情上的苦痛VERB + PAINcause (sb), give sb, inflict引起(某人)/令某人/使遭受痛苦Through her drug addiction she had inflicted a lot of pain on the family.因吸毒上癮,她給家庭帶來了巨大的痛苦。feel, go through感到/遭受痛苦know知道痛苦She knew the pain of separation.她知道分離的痛苦。get over從痛苦中恢復過來It took him several years to get over the pain of losing his job.他花了好幾年時間才擺脫失去工作的苦痛。dull, ease, lessen, numb減輕悲痛heal治瘉痛苦Nothing could heal the pain of her son's death.沒有什麼能治好兒子去世帶給她的痛苦。spare sb使某人免遭痛苦We hoped to spare her the pain of having to meet her attacker.為了不讓她感到痛苦,我們希望能夠避免讓她見到攻擊她的人。express表達痛苦share分擔痛苦It was lovely to have someone there to share both the pain and the joy.有人分享歡樂、分擔痛苦,真好。conceal, hide, mask掩飾痛苦He tried to conceal his pain from her.他盡力不讓她知道自己的痛苦。forget忘記痛苦For a few moments she forgot the pain he had caused her.有那麼一會兒她忘了他給她造成的痛苦。bear, endure, withstand承受痛苦relive再遭痛苦I don't want to relive the pain of losing her.我不想再次遭受失去她的痛苦。sense感覺到疼痛I could sense her pain and put my arm around her.我能感覺到她的痛苦,於是伸出一隻胳膊摟着她。prolong延長痛苦PHRASESthe pain etched on sb's face刻在某人臉上的痛苦Ellen saw the pain etched on his face when he mentioned his ex-wife's name.埃倫提到他前妻的名字時,能看見刻在他臉上的痛苦。

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