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IELTS BNC: 889 COCA: 941


1 measure /ˈmɛʒɚ/ noun
plural measures
1 measure
plural measures
Learner's definition of MEASURE
: an amount or degree of something数量;程度
usually singular通常用单数
: something (such as a cup or a ruler) that is used to measure things量具;量器 see also tape measure
: a unit used in measuring something计量单位;量度单位
see also made-to-measure
[count] : an action planned or taken to achieve a desired result措施;办法
[count] : a sign or indication of something象征;迹象usually singular通常用单数
[count] : a way of judging something判断;衡量
[count] chiefly US, music : a part of a line of written music that is between two vertical lines or the group of beats between these lines小节

beyond measure

: to a very great degree非常;极度

for good measure

: as something added or extra额外的;附加的;另外的

have/take/get the measure of (someone)

chiefly British or have/take/get someone's measure
: to have or get a good understanding about what is needed to defeat or deal with (someone you are competing against)摸清…的底细;了解…的实力
2 measure /ˈmɛʒɚ/ verb
measures; measured; measuring
2 measure
measures; measured; measuring
Learner's definition of MEASURE
[+ object]
: to find out the size, length, or amount of (something)量;测量;计量
: to find out the size of (someone) for clothing量尺寸
[+ object] : to judge the importance, value, or extent of (something)衡量,判断(某事物的重要性、价值、程度等)
often + against
[linking verb] : to have a specified size有…尺寸

measure off

[phrasal verb]
measure off (something) also measure (something) off
: to measure (something) and mark its edges or its beginning and ending量出;划分

measure out

[phrasal verb]
measure out (something) also measure (something) out
: to measure and remove (something) from a larger amount量出,取出(所需量)

measure up

[phrasal verb]
: to be as good as expected or needed符合,达到(预期或需要)
often + to

— measurer

/ˈmɛʒɚrɚ/ noun, plural measurers [count]
IELTS BNC: 889 COCA: 941


1 of 2


mea·​sure ˈme-zhər How to pronounce measure (audio) ˈmā- How to pronounce measure (audio)
: an adequate or due portion
all too few of the British actresses … have received their measure of remembrance Saturday Review
: a moderate degree
: a fixed or suitable limit : bounds
rich beyond measure
: the dimensions, capacity, or amount of something ascertained by measuring
took his measure for a coat
: an estimate of what is to be expected (as of a person or situation)
the measure of their tragedy is now beyond our imagination G. F. Kennan
: a measured quantity
: amount, degree
giving children a greater measure of freedom
: an instrument (such as a yardstick) or utensil (such as a graduated cup) for measuring
: a standard or unit of measurement see Weights and Measures Table
: a system of standard units of measure
metric measure
: the act or process of measuring
settled by a measure made by a surveyor
: dance
especially : a slow and stately dance
: rhythmic structure or movement : cadence: such as
: poetic rhythm measured by temporal (see temporal entry 1 sense 3) quantity or accent
specifically : meter
: musical time
: a grouping of a specified number of musical beats located between two consecutive vertical lines on a staff
: a metrical unit : foot
: an exact divisor of a number
6 being the greatest common measure of 42 and 12
: a basis or standard of comparison
wealth is not a measure of happiness
: a step planned or taken as a means to an end
took strong measures against the rebels
specifically : a proposed legislative act
sponsored an anti-inflation measure in the senate


2 of 2


measured; measuring ˈme-zhə-riŋ How to pronounce measure (audio)

transitive verb

: to choose or control with cautious restraint : regulate
measure his acts
: to regulate by a standard : govern
: to allot or apportion in measured amounts
measure out three cups
: to lay off by making measurements
: to ascertain the measurements of
: to estimate or appraise by a criterion
measures his skill against his rival
archaic : to travel over : traverse
: to serve as a means of measuring
a thermometer measures temperature

intransitive verb

: to take or make a measurement
: to have a specified measurement
ˈme-zhər-ər How to pronounce measure (audio)
for good measure
: in addition to the minimum required : as an extra
added another illustration for good measure

Example Sentences

Noun She felt equal measures of hope and fear. Their actions were motivated in large measure by a desire for revenge. An occasion like this calls for some measure of decorum. The meter is a measure of length. The dictionary includes a table of weights and measures. The legislature has passed a measure aimed at protecting consumers. The governor has proposed a number of cost-cutting measures. They were forced to resort to desperate measures. We need to take measures to protect ourselves. Verb using a ruler to measure a piece of paper an instrument for measuring air pressure mental abilities measured by IQ testing He's being measured for a new suit. His success cannot be measured solely on the basis of his popularity. The cloth measures 3 meters. The room measures 15 feet wide by 30 feet long. See More
Recent Examples on the Web
If passed, the measure legalizes possession of up to 1.5 ounces of marijuana and allows people 21 and older to grow two plants at home. Giacomo Bologna, Baltimore Sun, 17 Sep. 2022 The measure would urge all states to limit the non-criminal use of peyote to religious, ceremonial and cultural purposes only, as it is stated in the American Indian Religious Freedom Act amendments of 1994. Arlyssa D. Becenti, The Arizona Republic, 17 Sep. 2022 The measure sets up a framework for the first statewide water and sewer rate assistance program in the country, according to groups that sponsored the bill. Michael Smolens, San Diego Union-Tribune, 16 Sep. 2022 The measure lifted from six to eight the number of votes on the 11-member body required to effect change. Daniel Wu, Washington Post, 16 Sep. 2022 The measure was one of a list of additional sanctions and export controls the United States adopted on Thursday in relation to Russia. Jeanne Whalen, Anchorage Daily News, 15 Sep. 2022 The groups asked the judge to declare the ballot issue invalid or block its enforcement if the measure passes. Stephen Hudak, Orlando Sentinel, 15 Sep. 2022 Apple says the measure is a useful indicator of overall body temperature, which can be used to detect changes in the baseline over a period of time to detect changes in your routine and even illness. Brett Williams, Men's Health, 15 Sep. 2022 After the measure failed to pass the NRB in February, the DNR was forced to abandon it. Laura Schulte, Journal Sentinel, 15 Sep. 2022
The Lab analysts also measure changes in skin's firmness before and after the same time period with the Cutometer machine, which gauges skin laxity. Danusia Wnek, Good Housekeeping, 16 Sep. 2022 The ratings only measure U.S. audiences, not those in other countries, and currently only include Apple TV+, Disney+, HBO Max, Hulu, Netflix and Prime Video. Rick Porter, The Hollywood Reporter, 15 Sep. 2022 This rash is just one visible sign of inflammation, but a doctor can measure inflammatory markers in your blood, Benjamin Ungar, MD, an assistant professor in the department of dermatology of Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, tells SELF. Mara Santilli, SELF, 12 Sep. 2022 As of Tuesday morning, Earl’s maximum sustained winds measure in at 65 mph. Joe Mario Pedersen, Orlando Sentinel, 6 Sep. 2022 Modern online businesses measure performance in milliseconds—and can attach a dollar amount to them. Mehdi Daoudi, Forbes, 26 Aug. 2022 Other charts measure traditional and contemporary jazz, and traditional and crossover classical music, both together and in the more specific genres themselves. Billboard Staff, Billboard, 25 Aug. 2022 The monitors measure the outside temperature and alert trainers and coaches if the heat index gets too high and alterations to practice need to be made. Ethan Ehrenhaft, Baltimore Sun, 24 Aug. 2022 Typical ladders measure 15 feet and cover two stories of your home. oregonlive, 15 Aug. 2022 See More

Word History



Middle English mesure "act of measuring, instrument for measuring, standard unit of quantity, size, measurable amount, proper proportion, moderation, tempurance," borrowed from Anglo-French, going back to Latin mensūra "act of measuring, dimension determined by measurement, amount, instrument for measuring," from mensus, past participle of mētior, mētīrī "to determine the extent of, mark off by measuring" + -ūra -ure; mētior verbal derivative of an Indo-European noun *meh1-ti- "act of measuring" (whence Old English mǣth "measure, degree, efficacy," Greek mêtis "measure, skill, craft," Sanskrit māti- "measure, correct understanding"), nominal derivative of a verbal base *meh1-, whence, as a reduplicated present, Sanskrit mímite "(s/he) measures, shares," Avestan framimaθā "(s/he) should arrange"

Note: The irregular past participle mensus, alongside a regular derivative mētītus only found in later classical texts, may have been formed by analogy with pensus, past participle of pendere "to weigh."


Middle English mesuren "to calculate the measurements of, determine the extent of by measuring, apportion, moderate, control, judge," borrowed from Anglo-French mesurer, going back to Late Latin mensūrāre "to calculate the measurements of," derivative of mensūra measure entry 1

First Known Use


13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a(1)


14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

Time Traveler
The first known use of measure was in the 13th century
IELTS BNC: 889 COCA: 941


1official action to deal with a problem處理問題的正式行動ADJECTIVE | ... OF MEASURES | VERB + MEASURE | MEASURE + VERB | PREPOSITION ADJECTIVEappropriate, effective, necessary, practical適當的/有效的/必要的/實際的措施We urge you to adopt all necessary measures to guarantee people's safety.我們敦促你們採取一切必要措施以保證人民的安全。key關鍵步驟extraordinary, special非常規/特別措施We had to resort to extraordinary measures to find employees.我們不得不採取非常規措施來尋求雇員。simple簡單的步驟desperate, draconian, drastic, extreme, harsh, radical, repressive, strong, tough極端的措施;嚴酷的措施;高壓措施;強硬的措施emergency, urgent (especially BrE) 應急/緊急措施interim, short-term, stopgap, temporary臨時措施;短期措施;權宜措施additional附加措施defensive, precautionary, preventative, preventive防禦措施;預防措施disciplinary, punitive懲戒措施;懲罰手段corrective, remedial糾正/補救措施protective, safety, security防護措施;安全措施New security measures were implemented to prevent further violence.實施了新的安保措施以防止更多暴力事件發生。conservation, control保護/控制措施Development of new water sources needs to be combined with conservation measures.新水源的開發需要與節約措施相結合。austerity, cost-cutting, economy, efficiency緊縮/縮減開支的/節約/提高效率的措施economic, policy經濟/政策措施government政府舉措... OF MEASURESpackage, raft, range, series, set (especially NAmE) 一攬子/一大堆/一整套/一系列/一套措施a package of measures aimed at cutting pollution旨在減少污染的一攬子措施VERB + MEASUREemploy, implement, impose, institute, introduce, take, use採取措施;實施措施;推行措施Special measures are being taken to protect the local water supplies.現正採取特別措施以保護當地的供水。The authorities are using increasingly repressive measures.當局在實施越來越嚴厲的遏制措施。adopt, approve, enact, pass採取/批准/制訂/通過措施The Committee unanimously approved the measure.委員會一致批准了這項措施。defeat, oppose, veto擊敗/反對/否決措施The mayor threatened to veto a measure passed by the city council.市長揚言要否決市議會通過的一項舉措。propose, suggest提出措施MEASURE + VERBbe aimed at sth, be designed to, be intended to措施旨在⋯;措施意在⋯PREPOSITIONmeasure against反對⋯的措施tougher measures against racism反對種族主義的更為強硬的措施measure for用以⋯的措施measures for reducing delays減少延誤的措施


2amount/quantity of sth數量ADJECTIVE | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADJECTIVEbroad, considerable, fair, generous, great, significant, substantial, wide相當大的量;大量;可觀的數量PREPOSITIONmeasure of⋯數量的⋯He poured me a generous measure of gin.他給我倒了一大杯杜松子酒。PHRASESin considerable, large, some, etc. measure在相當大、很大、一定等程度上His success was due in large measure to your help.他的成功很大程度上歸功於你的幫助。in equal measure在相同程度上He's been praised and condemned in equal measure.他得到的讚揚和指責各佔一半。in no small measure在很大程度上


3unit of size/quantity大小或數量單位ADJECTIVE | VERB + MEASURE | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADJECTIVEaccurate, direct, fair, objective, precise準確的測算;直接的測量;如實的計量;精確的測量This figure alone is not a fair measure of our success.單憑這個數字不能公正地衡量我們的成功。broad寬泛的衡量指標GDP is considered the broadest measure of a country's economic activity.國內生產總值被認為是衡量一個國家經濟活動的最寬泛指標。indirect間接的測量important重要的指標The price of housing relative to income is an important measure of real income.房價與收入之比是衡量實際收入的一個重要指標。quantitative, statistical定量/統計測量They tried to formulate a quantitative measure of well-being.他們試圖制訂一套測量幸福感的定量指標。standard, standardized標準/標準化度量Higher scores on this standardized measure indicate greater creativity.在這套標準化測試中得分越高表明創造力越強。imperial, metric英制/公制計量behavioural/behavioral, performance行為準則;業績指標Companies can use their stock price as a performance measure.公司可以其股票價格作為一項業績指標。VERB + MEASUREcalculate, derive, obtain計算尺寸;得出指標This measure is obtained by dividing corporate profits by corporate bond yields.這項指標是企業利潤除以企業債券收益得出的。provide提供指標This figure provides an objective measure of risk.這個數字提供了客觀的風險指標。PREPOSITIONmeasure of⋯的度量an accurate measure of length精確的長度度量PHRASESweights and measures度量衡


4sign of sth標誌ADJECTIVE | PREPOSITION ADJECTIVEcrude, reliable, simple, true, useful, valid粗略的/可靠的/簡單的/真正的/有用的/有效的標準A reliable measure of progress is whether your children can do something they couldn't do before.衡量孩子是否有進步的一個可信標準是看他們能否做以前不會做的事情。important重要的標誌Accepting the lower salary was seen as an important measure of commitment.能夠接受低薪被認為是奉獻精神的重要體現。PREPOSITIONmeasure of⋯的標準Landed income was the true measure of the gentry.來自土地的收入是衡量是否是鄉紳的真正標準。


5 (NAmE) in music音樂 see also bar ADJECTIVE | VERB + MEASURE | PREPOSITION ADJECTIVEfirst, opening第一/開頭的小節The band began playing the opening measures.樂隊開始演奏開頭幾個小節。VERB + MEASUREhear, play, sing聽到/演奏/演唱小節He placed his fingers on the keys and played a few measures.他把手指放到鍵盤上演奏了幾個小節。PREPOSITIONmeasure of⋯的小節the first few measures of Mozart's third violin concerto莫扎特第三小提琴協奏曲的開頭幾個小節per measure, to a/the measure每小節;一個小節a steady rhythm of four beats to a measure每小節 4 拍的穩定節奏


1find the size of sth求出尺寸ADVERB | VERB + MEASURE | PREPOSITION ADVERBaccurately, exactly, precisely, reliably精確地測量;可靠地測量empirically, objectively, quantitatively經驗性地/客觀地/定量測項目Education policy places too much emphasis on things that can be quantitatively measured.教育政策過於強調可定量測量的事項。carefully認真測量directly直接測量Any type of data that could not be directly measured was rejected.任何無法直接測量的數據都未採用。indirectly間接測量easily容易測量experimentally用實驗的方法測量up測量We need to measure up the room for a new carpet.我們需要量一下房間的尺寸,好買一塊新地毯。VERB + MEASUREbe able to, can能夠測量;能測量You can now measure its length more accurately.你現在可以更準確地測量它的長度了。be easy to, be possible to容易/有可能測量be difficult to, be hard to, be impossible to難以測量;無法測量PREPOSITIONfor為⋯測量She's being measured for her wedding outfit.她正在量身訂做結婚禮服。in以⋯為單位計量Cloth is measured in yards.布料以碼來計量。


2judge the importance/value/effect of sth判斷重要性、價值或影響ADVERB | VERB + MEASURE | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADVERBeasily容易估量The policy's impact cannot be easily measured.這一政策的影響難以估量。effectively有效地衡量objectively客觀地衡量VERB + MEASUREcan能衡量be easy to, be possible to容易估量;有可能衡量be difficult to, be hard to, be impossible to難以估量;無法衡量It is hard to measure the benefits to society of the system.很難估量這個制度的社會效益。be used to用來衡量the criteria that are used to measure performance用來衡量表現的標準PREPOSITIONaccording to根據⋯衡量Is it really possible to measure the skills of such jobs according to objective standards?真的可以用客觀的標準來衡量這類工作的技能嗎?against對照⋯衡量The school's performance is measured against a strict set of criteria.學校的工作業績是根據一套嚴格的標準來衡量的。by以⋯衡量The policy's effectiveness cannot be measured by numbers alone.這項政策的成效不能僅用數字來衡量。in terms of從⋯方面衡量Success cannot be measured merely in terms of the size of your salary.成功與否不能僅以工資的多少來衡量。PHRASESa method of measuring sth, a way of measuring sth衡量⋯的方法

See also: Weights and measures

IELTS BNC: 889 COCA: 941
Mr. Ng 不推薦使用 Google翻譯
^_^: Translate en To zh-TW


0_0: Translations of Measure
  • # n.
    步驟: measure, move, procedure, step
    測度: measure
    尺度: criterion, dimension, measure, scale, yardstick
    尺碼: measure, size
    措施: measure, step
    度: consideration, degree, extent, limit, magnanimity, measure
    度量: magnanimity, measure, tolerance
    矱: measure, ruler, standard
    漿液: bigness, gauge, magnitude, measure, size
    量: measure, amount, capacity, estimate, mete, quantity
    手段: artifice, lever, means, measure, trick
    議案: action, activity, advice, application, bill, counsel
    繇: folk song, forced labor, grounds, instrument, means, measure
  • # v.
    測: conjecture, fathom, infer, lean, measure, survey
    測量: gauge, measure, survey
    衡: judge, measure, weigh
    衡量: measure, weigh
    劃分: canton, compartmentalize, differentiate, divide, measure, measure off
    計量: calculate, estimate, measure
    斠: measure
    量: measure, amount, estimate, mete
    銓: choose, judge, measure, select, weigh

0_0: Definitions of Measure
  • # verb.
    - ascertain the size, amount, or degree of (something) by using an instrument or device marked in standard units or by comparing it with an object of known size.
    * the amount of water collected is measured in pints
    - estimate or assess the extent, quality, value, or effect of (something).
    * it is hard to measure teaching ability
    - travel over (a certain distance or area).
    * we must measure twenty miles today
  • # noun.
    - a plan or course of action taken to achieve a particular purpose.
    * cost-cutting measures
    - a standard unit used to express the size, amount, or degree of something.
    * a furlong is an obsolete measure of length
    - a certain quantity or degree of something.
    * the states retain a large measure of independence
    - the rhythm of a piece of poetry or a piece of music.
    - a group of rock strata.

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