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TOEFL IELTS BNC: 12625 COCA: 13455


sarcasm /ˈsɑɚˌkæzəm/ noun
Learner's definition of SARCASM
: the use of words that mean the opposite of what you really want to say especially in order to insult someone, to show irritation, or to be funny讽刺;嘲讽
compare irony
TOEFL IELTS BNC: 12625 COCA: 13455



sar·​casm ˈsär-ˌka-zəm How to pronounce sarcasm (audio)
: a sharp and often satirical or ironic utterance designed to cut or give pain
: a mode of satirical wit depending for its effect on bitter, caustic, and often ironic language that is usually directed against an individual
: the use or language of sarcasm
Choose the Right Synonym for sarcasm

wit, humor, irony, sarcasm, satire, repartee mean a mode of expression intended to arouse amusement.

wit suggests the power to evoke laughter by remarks showing verbal felicity or ingenuity and swift perception especially of the incongruous.

a playful wit

humor implies an ability to perceive the ludicrous, the comical, and the absurd in human life and to express these usually without bitterness.

a sense of humor

irony applies to a manner of expression in which the intended meaning is the opposite of what is seemingly expressed.

the irony of the title

sarcasm applies to expression frequently in the form of irony that is intended to cut or wound.

given to heartless sarcasm

satire applies to writing that exposes or ridicules conduct, doctrines, or institutions either by direct criticism or more often through irony, parody, or caricature.

a satire on the Congress

repartee implies the power of answering quickly, pointedly, or wittily.

a dinner guest noted for repartee

Example Sentences

"That was my favorite show yet this tour," Banks says. "I love audiences that are ambivalent." For a second, I think he's laying on the sarcasm, until he continues. "I really like the chance to win people over." David Peisner, Spin, August 2007 "The best part of being single," Bryce Donovan jokes, "is being able to choose any woman I want to shoot me down." Such self-deprecating sarcasm is the trademark of this newsman's four-year-old weekly column "It Beats Working" in the Charleston Post and Courier. People, 26 June 2006 "But see," I say … "in my line of work I'm supposed to dress in a way that makes clients feel sorry for me, or better yet superior to me. I think I accomplish that pretty well." Paul looks over at me again with a distasteful look that might be ready to slide into sarcasm, only he doesn't know if I'm making fun of him. He says nothing. Richard Ford, Independence Day, (1995) 1996 a voice full of sarcasm I know you're not happy, but there's no need to resort to petty sarcasms to make your point.
Recent Examples on the Web Powerful businesses, executives, and world leaders were notably deferential in paying their respects to the queen, while the online hordes erupted with sarcasm and anger marked by an anti-colonialist and anti-royal sentiment. Nick Lichtenberg, Fortune, 9 Sep. 2022 One second too long can indicate sarcasm over thoughtfulness. Oliver Munday, The Atlantic, 22 Aug. 2022 Attacking a person’s style, motives, or creative suggestions typically comes wrapped in a humorous response; sarcasm seems to be a favorite dismissal barb. Womensmedia, Forbes, 15 Aug. 2022 Foxx works through the tonal inconsistencies resulting from Bud’s dramatic backstory and Day Shift’s predilection for high jinks by deadpanning his jokes and leaning on sarcasm. Lovia Gyarkye, The Hollywood Reporter, 11 Aug. 2022 McKinnon is similarly inspired — her Lulu is a palpitating narcissist, all brain, who speaks in advanced sarcasm. Owen Gleiberman, Variety, 26 July 2022 One was chaotic and constantly bickering: Natalie Lee, the mellow yet goofy consultant whose love language is sarcasm, and Shayne Jansen, an extremely energetic real estate agent/notebook scribbler who covets validation. Los Angeles Times, 11 Mar. 2022 One of them appears every now and then, with advice or commentary, usually delivered with a slice of sarcasm. Beth Thames | Bethmthames@gmail.com, al, 17 Aug. 2022 More often, his humor is manifested through droll sarcasm. Eric Walden, The Salt Lake Tribune, 6 July 2022 See More

Word History


earlier sarcasmus, borrowed from Middle French or Late Latin; Middle French sarcasme, borrowed from Late Latin sarcasmos "mockery," borrowed from Late Greek sarkasmós, from Greek sarkázein "to jeer at while biting the lips" (in galen; perhaps, if the original sense was "to bite or strip off flesh," derivative of sark-, sárx "flesh") + -smos, suffix of verbal action — more at sarco-

Note: The original sense of the Greek verb sarkázein is conjectural, as all instances referring to jeering or mockery come from late or post-classical sources, generally lexica. The sole significant early uses are in Aristophanes' play Peace, where the Megarians, while pulling boulders from the entrance to a cave, are described as performing the action of the verb sarkázein "like mean (?) curs," while perishing from hunger ("hoi Megarês … hélkousin d' hómōs glischrótata sarkázontes hṓsper kynídia"); and in the Hippocratic treatise "On Joints" (Perì Arthrôn), where the verb is used to describe hoofed animals eating grass. In both cases the interpretation of sarkázein is far from transparent.

First Known Use

1619, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of sarcasm was in 1619
TOEFL IELTS BNC: 12625 COCA: 13455


ADJECTIVE | ... OF SARCASM | VERB + SARCASM | SARCASM + VERB | PREPOSITION ADJECTIVEbiting, bitter, heavy尖刻的諷刺;辛辣的挖苦obvious明顯的諷刺dry (especially NAmE) 不露聲色的諷刺I love him for his cutting wit and dry sarcasm.我喜歡他的機敏才智和不形於色的嘲諷。slight略帶諷刺... OF SARCASMhint, note, tinge, touch, trace一絲嘲諷;一點兒諷刺He made the remark without a hint of sarcasm.他那句話沒有絲毫諷刺意味。VERB + SARCASMbe full of, be heavy with, drip, drip with (used about sb's voice用於人的聲音) 飽含諷刺;充滿譏諷His voice dripped (with) sarcasm.他的語氣裏充滿了嘲諷。catch, note, notice察覺帶有諷刺;注意到諷刺之意James caught the sarcasm in her voice.詹姆斯在她的語調裏察覺到了一絲譏諷的味道。SARCASM + VERBdrip譏諷流露出來'Great!' she said, sarcasm dripping from her voice.“真是太棒了!”她說道,語調裏流露出譏諷。PREPOSITIONwith sarcasm帶有譏諷'Your skills amaze me,' she said, with heavy sarcasm.“你的技術真是讓我驚歎啊。”她的話頗有挖苦意味。sarcasm in⋯中的譏諷I detected a touch of sarcasm in his remarks.我察覺到他的話中有一絲譏諷的味道。
TOEFL IELTS BNC: 12625 COCA: 13455
Mr. Ng 不推薦使用 Google翻譯
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0_0: Translations of sarcasm
  • # n.
    諷刺: burlesque, caricature, innuendo, irony, lampoon, sarcasm

0_0: Definitions of sarcasm
  • # noun.
    - the use of irony to mock or convey contempt.
    * his voice, hardened by sarcasm, could not hide his resentment

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