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BNC: 1050 COCA: 1165


examine /ɪgˈzæmən/ verb
examines; examined; examining
examines; examined; examining
Learner's definition of EXAMINE
[+ object]
: to look at (something) closely and carefully in order to learn more about it, to find problems, etc.检查;调查;审核
: to test or look carefully at (something or someone) for signs of illness or injury检查(身体)
law : to question (someone) closely讯问;审问;审讯
see also cross-examine

— examiner

noun, plural examiners [count]
see also medical examiner
BNC: 1050 COCA: 1165



ex·​am·​ine ig-ˈza-mən How to pronounce examine (audio)
examined; examining ig-ˈzam-niŋ How to pronounce examine (audio)

transitive verb

: to inspect closely
: to test the condition of
: to inquire into carefully : investigate
: to interrogate closely
examine a prisoner
: to test by questioning in order to determine progress, fitness, or knowledge

intransitive verb

: to make or give an examination
examinable adjective
ig-ˈzam-nər How to pronounce examine (audio)
Choose the Right Synonym for examine

scrutinize, scan, inspect, examine mean to look at or over.

scrutinize stresses close attention to minute detail.

scrutinized the hospital bill

scan implies a surveying from point to point often suggesting a cursory overall observation.

scanned the wine list

inspect implies scrutinizing for errors or defects.

inspected my credentials

examine suggests a scrutiny in order to determine the nature, condition, or quality of a thing.

examined the specimens

Example Sentences

An accountant has been hired to examine the company's books. The police examined the evidence carefully. You should have your eyes examined. He was examined by several doctors, who found nothing wrong with him.
Recent Examples on the Web Etowah County prosecutors dispute those claims, but neither a judge nor a jury has had an opportunity to examine the evidence. al, 7 Sep. 2022 But going after doctors would be difficult unless the state granted the board greater freedom to examine medical records without patient approval, according to the board’s analysis of AB2098. Nanette Asimov, San Francisco Chronicle, 7 Sep. 2022 Since then, federal courts have gained more legal authority to examine evidence and question witnesses, and to address claims related to state-level elections, said Kevin Johnson, executive director of the Election Reformers Network. Kathleen Foody, ajc, 31 Aug. 2022 The event will give residents a chance to examine the plan and meet with Village officials and members of the consultants contracted to develop it. Hank Beckman, Chicago Tribune, 30 Aug. 2022 The researchers are working on a follow-up study to examine whether the AI can detect Parkinson’s earlier than conventional methods that rely on subjective assessments by experts. Casey Ross And Katie Palmer, STAT, 27 Aug. 2022 The opportunity to examine the original themes —the quest for courage, love, wisdom and home — feels more timely and urgent than ever. Emily Burack, Town & Country, 16 Aug. 2022 Many people feel failed by their options, says Swift, yet there’s little effort to examine the issue further. Sarah Sloat, Wired, 15 Aug. 2022 Although Hawthorne rebuffed the request by investigators to examine one of her machines, a clerk in nearby Irving Township handed one over to the pair despite state and federal laws that limit who can access them. Patrick Marley And Tom Hamburger, Anchorage Daily News, 14 Aug. 2022 See More

Word History


Middle English, from Anglo-French examiner, from Latin examinare, from examen

First Known Use

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

Time Traveler
The first known use of examine was in the 14th century
BNC: 1050 COCA: 1165


ADVERB | VERB + EXAMINE | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADVERBcarefully, closely, in detail, minutely仔細檢查;詳細調查;細心檢查Each case must be carefully examined.每一種情況都必須經過仔細調查。We shall now proceed to examine these two aspects of the problem in detail.我們現在應開始詳細檢查問題的這兩個方面。exhaustively, fully, properly, really, thoroughly全面地/充分地/適當地/真正地/徹底地檢查meticulously, rigorously, systematically細緻地/嚴格地/系統地檢查This survey systematically examined their claims.這項調查系統地檢查了他們的要求。briefly, quickly簡要地/快速地檢查individually, separately逐個/分別檢查This claim needs to be examined separately.這項主張需要進行單獨審查。directly, explicitly, specifically直接地/明晰地/專門地檢查the few studies that have specifically examined the effectiveness of the drug專門檢查該藥物效果的幾項研究further深入調查critically嚴格地檢查Critically examine your work as if you were looking at someone else's efforts.要像評價別人的工作一樣,一絲不苟地檢查你自己的工作。empirically (especially NAmE) 實證檢驗one of the very few studies to empirically examine this problem很少幾項實證檢驗此問題的研究之一medically醫療檢查VERB + EXAMINEaim to, attempt to, be designed to, propose to, seek to, set out to旨在檢查;打算考察;主張檢查 ;尋求檢查;着手檢查This study sets out to examine the possible effects of climate change.這項研究的目的是考察氣候變化可能帶來的影響。proceed to接着進行檢查stop to停下來檢查Anna stopped to examine a plant growing by the stream.安娜停下來仔細觀察長在小溪邊的一株植物。begin to開始檢查Only recently have historians begun to examine its impact and influence.直到最近,歷史學家才開始考察其影響。continue to繼續檢查We continue to examine new ways of doing business.我們繼續探索做生意的新方法。be necessary to, need to有必要檢查;需要檢查be helpful to, be instructive to, be useful to, be worthwhile to對檢查有幫助/有教益/有用/有價值It is instructive to examine the data we have so far.檢查我們目前已有的數據是有啟發意義的。want to, wish to想要檢查;希望檢查not bother to懶得檢查He didn't even bother to examine the note.他甚至連筆記都懶得檢查一下。fail to未能考慮He fails to examine the implications of such a development.他沒能考慮這樣一種發展隱含的意義。PREPOSITIONfor為⋯檢查The room was examined minutely for clues.為了尋找線索,這間屋子被仔細地檢查過了。PHRASESlet us examine...讓我們來考慮Let us examine the implications of this theory.讓我們來仔細研究這個理論的含義。

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