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BNC: 11912 COCA: 7585

empathy

1 ENTRIES FOUND:
empathy /ˈɛmpəθi/ noun
empathy
/ˈɛmpəθi/
noun
Learner's definition of EMPATHY
[noncount]
: the feeling that you understand and share another person's experiences and emotions同感;共鸣;同情。
: the ability to share someone else's feelings感同身受,产生共鸣(的能力);感情移入;移情
compare sympathy
BNC: 11912 COCA: 7585

empathy

noun

em·​pa·​thy ˈem-pə-thē How to pronounce empathy (audio)
1
: the action of understanding, being aware of, being sensitive to, and vicariously experiencing the feelings, thoughts, and experience of another of either the past or present without having the feelings, thoughts, and experience fully communicated in an objectively explicit manner
also : the capacity for this
2
: the imaginative projection of a subjective state into an object so that the object appears to be infused with it

Did you know?

Sympathy vs. Empathy

Sympathy and empathy are closely related words, bound by shared origins and the similar circumstances in which each is applicable, yet they are not synonymous. For one thing, sympathy is considerably older than empathy, having existed in our language for several hundred years before its cousin was introduced, and its greater age is reflected in a wider breadth of meaning. Sympathy may refer to "feelings of loyalty" or "unity or harmony in action or effect," meanings not shared by empathy. In the contexts where the two words do overlap, sympathy implies sharing (or having the capacity to share) the feelings of another, while empathy tends to be used to mean imagining, or having the capacity to imagine, feelings that one does not actually have.

Did you know?

What is the difference between empathy and compassion?

Some of our users are interested in the difference between empathy and compassion. Compassion is the broader word: it refers to both an understanding of another’s pain and the desire to somehow mitigate that pain:

Our rationalizations for lying (or withholding the truth)—"to protect her," "he could never handle it”—come more out of cowardice than compassion.
— Eric Utne, Utne Reader, November/December 1992

Sometimes compassion is used to refer broadly to sympathetic understanding:

Nevertheless, when Robert Paxton's "Vichy France" appeared in a French translation in 1973, his stark and devastating description ... was rather badly received in France, where many critics accused this scrupulous and thoughtful young historian either of misinterpreting the Vichy leaders' motives or of lacking compassion.
— Stanley Hoffmann, The New York Times Book Review, 1 Nov. 1981

Empathy refers to the ability to relate to another person’s pain vicariously, as if one has experienced that pain themselves:

For instance, people who are highly egoistic and presumably lacking in empathy keep their own welfare paramount in making moral decisions like how or whether to help the poor.
— Daniel Goleman, The New York Times, 28 Mar. 1989

"The man thought all this talk was fine, but he was more concerned with just getting water. And, if I was going to be successful on this mission, I had to remember what his priorities were. The quality you need most in United Nations peacekeeping is empathy."
— Geordie Elms, quoted in MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History, Autumn 1992

In some cases, compassion refers to both a feeling and the action that stems from that feeling:

Compassion, tenderness, patience, responsibility, kindness, and honesty are actions that elicit similar responses from others.
— Jane Smiley, Harper’s, June 2000

while empathy tends to be used just for a feeling:

She is also autistic, a disability that she argues allows her a special empathy with nonhuman creatures.
— Tim Flannery, The New York Review of Books, 29 April 2009

Example Sentences

Poetic empathy understandably seeks a strategy of identification with victims … Helen Vendler, New Republic, 5 May 2003 This is tough love with a vengeance, but what a gruesome view of God's saints bereft of all empathy. Sidney Callahan, Commonweal, 19 Apr. 2002 Enter a new inmate … a giant black man with a gift of preternatural empathy; he can literally suck the pain out of people. Richard Corliss, Time, 13 Dec. 1999 But in all those years of young womanhood, my Do-Unto-Others empathy never extended beyond sharing a trolley seat. Lois Mark Stalvey, The Education of a WASP, 1989 He felt great empathy with the poor. His months spent researching prison life gave him greater empathy towards convicts. See More
Recent Examples on the Web Evidence suggests that empathy really can lessen other people’s burdens. Arthur C. Brooks, The Atlantic, 8 Sep. 2022 The series treated Black people with deep empathy; suggesting their stories were worthy of respect. Peniel E. Joseph, CNN, 6 Sep. 2022 Bonneville stars as Sir Hector Blake, a retired judge with a reputation for fairness and empathy. Noel Murray, Los Angeles Times, 2 Sep. 2022 Fear doesn’t precipitate empathy nor healing nor open a safe space for these kinds of conversations to evolve, or for real accountability and remorse to be offered to the people who were harmed. Spin Staff, SPIN, 1 Sep. 2022 Fear doesn’t precipitate empathy nor healing nor open a safe space for these kinds of conversations to evolve, or for real accountability and remorse to be offered to the people who were harmed. Ej Panaligan, Variety, 1 Sep. 2022 If the manager lacks awareness and empathy regarding their impact, reverse the situation. Expert Panel®, Forbes, 25 Aug. 2022 The most important thing is finding a care team that can correctly identify and address both conditions with patience and empathy. Sara Gaynes Levy, SELF, 25 Aug. 2022 Most of all, McKenna's parents are emphasizing the importance of kindness and empathy. Andrea Vacchiano, Fox News, 18 Aug. 2022 See More

Word History

Etymology

Greek empatheia, literally, passion, from empathēs emotional, from em- + pathos feelings, emotion — more at pathos

First Known Use

1909, in the meaning defined at sense 2

Time Traveler
The first known use of empathy was in 1909
BNC: 11912 COCA: 7585
empathy

noun

ADJECTIVE | VERB + EMPATHY | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADJECTIVEdeep, great深深的/高度的同情genuine, real真誠的/真正的同情human人類的同情心VERB + EMPATHYfeel, have有同感demonstrate, express, show表露同感;表達同情;表示同情develop產生共鳴lack缺乏同情PREPOSITIONempathy between⋯之間的同感The nurse should try to develop empathy between herself and the patient.護士應當努力與病人建立心理上的溝通。empathy for對⋯的同感I felt real empathy for my mother and what she had been through.我對母親和她所經歷的一切都深有同感。empathy with對⋯的同情心She had a deep empathy with animals.她對動物有濃濃的愛心。PHRASESa feeling of empathy同情心a lack of empathy缺乏同情心
BNC: 11912 COCA: 7585
Mr. Ng 不推薦使用 Google翻譯
^_^: Translate en To zh-TW

empathy
---------
共情

0_0: Translations of empathy
  • # n.
    神入: empathy

0_0: Definitions of empathy
  • # noun.
    - the ability to understand and share the feelings of another.

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